BURDEN OF VARIOUS CANCERS WITH RESPECT TO BIO-SOCIAL FEATURES OF PATIENT ATTAINING IN A TERTIARY LEVEL HEALTH CARE FACILITY OF JIANGSU PROVINCE OF CHINA
Dr. Laxmi Panthy, *Prof. Dr. Zhu Zhengqiu, *Dr. Kapil Amgain, Ashok Pandey, Ganesh Amgain, Dr. Dillee Prasad Paudel
Introduction: Cancer is currently the most sought after issue for its fatality worldwide. Millions of people die of cancer every year and is a major public health problem globally as well as in China. Cancer incidence varies around the globe, especially between less-developed and developed regions. Globally, Cancer has been seriously affecting the national economy, social development, and national public health system. A recent report of national cancer center estimates that there were 4.3 million new cancer cases and 2.8 million cancer deaths in China in 2015, with lung cancer the most common cancer and the leading cause of cancer death. Methodology: A hospital based cross-sectional study was conducted among 430 participants in inpatient department of Onchology Xuzhou Medical University Hospital, Jiangsu province of china from July 2015 to January 2016 applying interview and record based method. Burden of cancer was found on the basis of demographic and behavioural pattern. Descriptive statistics was used to analyze the data in SPSS 16.0 and presented in tabular as well as in graphical form. Result: Altogether 430 cancer patients were included as the study participants in this study. Out of them 257 (59.8%) were females and 173 (40.2%) were males. The age of the respondents ranged from 19 year to 88 year (Mean Â± SD: 56.3Â±14.08 years). Maximum number (31.5%) of participants followed Christian religion and majority of the participants (80.7%) of respondent had the history of smoking. The maximum burden of cancer in female was found as breast cancer (22.6%) followed by cervical cancer (11.2%) in male was lung Cancer (11.2%) followed by stomach cancer (10.7%). Conclusion: Breast, lung, cervical, stomach and colorectal cancers are more commonly seen in Jiangsu province of China. Breast cancer is most common in females whereas lung cancer is most common in males. Cancer burden seems to be higher among the smokers and alcoholics. The burden of cancer is inversely proportional to education. Hence, awareness on cancer burden and behavioral change program needs to be conducted for uneducated people; housewives and labourers that would support cancer reduction. Similarly, new plan focusing the preventive measures and screening strategies is also essential for the increment the purposed program in the Jiansu Province of china.
Keywords: Cancer, Risk Factor, incidence, cancer mortality.
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