EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF
PHARMACEUTICAL AND MEDICAL RESEARCH

An International Peer Reviewed Journal for Pharmaceutical, Medical & Biological Sciences

An Official Publication of Society for Advance Healthcare Research (Reg. No. : 01/01/01/31674/16)

European Journal of Pharmaceutical and Medical Research (EJPMR) has indexed with various reputed international bodies like : Google Scholar , Indian Science Publications , InfoBase Index (In Process) , SOCOLAR, China , Research Bible, Fuchu, Tokyo. JAPAN , International Society for Research activity (ISRA) , Scientific Indexing Services (SIS) , Polish Scholarly Bibliography , Global Impact Factor (GIF) (Under Process) , Universal Impact Factor , International Scientific Indexing (ISI), UAE  , Index Copernicus , CAS (A Division of American Chemical Society) USA (Under Process) , Directory of Open Access Journal (DOAJ, Sweden, in process) , UDLedge Science Citation Index , CiteFactor , Directory Of Research Journal Indexing (DRJI) , Indian citation Index (ICI) , Journal Index (JI, Under Process) , Directory of abstract indexing for Journals (DAIJ) , Open Access Journals (Under Process) , Impact Factor Services For International Journals (IFSIJ) , Cosmos Impact Factor , Jour Informatics (Under Process) , Eurasian Scientific Journal Index (ESJI) , International Innovative Journal Impact Factor (IIJIF) , Science Library Index, Dubai, United Arab Emirates , Pubmed Database [NLM ID: 101669306] (Under Process) , IP Indexing (Under Process) , 

 ISSN 2394-3211

Impact Factor: 4.897

 ICV - 79.57

Abstract

OCCURRENCE OF MULTIPLE ANTIBIOTIC RESISTANCES OF ESCHERICHIA COLI ISOLATED FROM DIARRHEAL CHILDREN LESS THAN FIVE YEARS IN BURKINA FASO

Ali Konaté*, Réné Dembélé, Cheikna Zongo, Wendpoulomdé A. D. Kaboré, Isidore Juste O. Bonkoungou, Alferd S. Traoré and Nicolas Barro

ABSTRACT

Diarrhea is a major public health and economic problem in Burkina Faso. The aim of this study was to evaluate antibiotic resistance of Diarrheagenic Escherichia coli (DEC) isolated from young children suffering from diarrhea in Ouagadougou, Burkina Faso. From August 2013 to May 2014, 119 diarrheal stool samples were collected from children. E. coli was isolate and identified by standard microbiological techniques. Antibiotic sensitivity and detection of extended spectrum β-lactamases (ESBLs) were performed according to European Committee of Antimicrobial Susceptibility Testing (EUCAST). This study showed a high prevalence (25.2%) of diarrhea during the month of September in Ouagadougou. Of the 21 DEC detected (69.7%), 13 were Enteropathogenic Escherichia coli (EPEC) (15.7%) and 8 Enterohemorrhagic Escherichia coli (EHEC) O157 (9.6%). DEC rates were resistant to erythromycin (100%), amoxicillin-clavulanic acid (95.2%), doxycyclin (95.2%), tetracyclin (85.7%), ampicillin (81%) and trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole (76.2%). Most of the DEC (EPEC and EHEC O157) presented a Multidrug resistance (MDR) for β-lactam, cyclins, macrolides and sulfamides but all the DEC isolated in this study was not ESBLs producers. Those results indicated that it is imperative to develop strategies for prevention, epidemiological surveillance and control of MDR bacteria.

Keywords: Antibiotics, Burkina Faso, Diarrheal Children, Diarrheagenic Escherichia coli, Multidrug resistance.


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Google Scholar Indian Science Publications InfoBase Index (In Process) SOCOLAR, China Research Bible, Fuchu, Tokyo. JAPAN International Society for Research activity (ISRA) Scientific Indexing Services (SIS) Polish Scholarly Bibliography Global Impact Factor (GIF) (Under Process) Universal Impact Factor International Scientific Indexing (ISI), UAE Index Copernicus CAS (A Division of American Chemical Society) USA (Under Process) Directory of Open Access Journal (DOAJ, Sweden, in process) UDLedge Science Citation Index CiteFactor Directory Of Research Journal Indexing (DRJI) Indian citation Index (ICI) Journal Index (JI, Under Process) Directory of abstract indexing for Journals (DAIJ) Open Access Journals (Under Process) Impact Factor Services For International Journals (IFSIJ) Cosmos Impact Factor Jour Informatics (Under Process) Eurasian Scientific Journal Index (ESJI) International Innovative Journal Impact Factor (IIJIF) Science Library Index, Dubai, United Arab Emirates Pubmed Database [NLM ID: 101669306] (Under Process) IP Indexing (Under Process)