CONSTITUENTS AND BIOLOGICAL ACTIVITIES OF SOME IRANIAN FERULA SPECIES.
Abdolhossein Rustaiyan Prof.*, Padina Ghaffarinejad MSc, Afsaneh Faridchehr PhD and Mahdieh Ariaee Fard MSc
Ferula is a genus of about 170 species of flowering plants in the carrot family (umbelliferae) native to the Mediterranean region east to central Asia, mostly growing in arid climates. They are herbaceous perennial plants growing to 1-4m tall, with stout, hollow, somewhat succulent stems. The leaves are trip innate or even more finely divided, with a stout based sheath clasping the stem. The flowers are usually yellow, rarely white, produced in large umbels. The present review descripts the chemical and biological activities of some Iranian Ferula species: Ferula flabelliloba Rech. f. & Aell; Ferula galbaniflua Boiss; Ferula gommosa Boiss; Ferula hirtella Boiss; Ferula latisecta Rech; Ferula macrocolea Boiss; Ferula microcolea Boiss; Ferula ovina Boiss; Ferula stenocarpa Boiss and Hausskn and Ferula szowitsiana DC.
Keywords: Iranian Ferula species, Umbelliferae, Constituents, Biological activities.
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