EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF
PHARMACEUTICAL AND MEDICAL RESEARCH

An International Peer Reviewed Journal for Pharmaceutical, Medical & Biological Sciences

An Official Publication of Society for Advance Healthcare Research (Reg. No. : 01/01/01/31674/16)

European Journal of Pharmaceutical and Medical Research (EJPMR) has indexed with various reputed international bodies like : Google Scholar , Indian Science Publications , InfoBase Index (In Process) , SOCOLAR, China , Research Bible, Fuchu, Tokyo. JAPAN , International Society for Research activity (ISRA) , Scientific Indexing Services (SIS) , Polish Scholarly Bibliography , Global Impact Factor (GIF) (Under Process) , Universal Impact Factor , International Scientific Indexing (ISI), UAE  , Index Copernicus , CAS (A Division of American Chemical Society) USA (Under Process) , Directory of Open Access Journal (DOAJ, Sweden, in process) , UDLedge Science Citation Index , CiteFactor , Directory Of Research Journal Indexing (DRJI) , Indian citation Index (ICI) , Journal Index (JI, Under Process) , Directory of abstract indexing for Journals (DAIJ) , Open Access Journals (Under Process) , Impact Factor Services For International Journals (IFSIJ) , Cosmos Impact Factor , Jour Informatics (Under Process) , Eurasian Scientific Journal Index (ESJI) , International Innovative Journal Impact Factor (IIJIF) , Science Library Index, Dubai, United Arab Emirates , Pubmed Database [NLM ID: 101669306] (Under Process) , 

 ISSN 2394- 3211

Impact Factor: 4.161

 ICV - 45.77

Abstract

OVERWEIGHT AND OBESITY AMONG EARLY ADOLESCENTS FROM GOVERNMENT AND PRIVATE SCHOOLS OF DHARAN, NEPAL: A COMPARATIVE STUDY

Shakya T*, Jha CB, Shakya N and Samjhana Sharma

ABSTRACT

Background: Overweight and obesity has emerged as one of the global health problems not only in developed countries but have also increased significantly in low and middle income countries such as Nepal. As these incidences are rising across the globe during childhood and adolescence, comorbidities related to these conditions are also increasing. Objective  Determine the prevalence of overweight and obesity among study population and compare these prevalence in government and private schools.  Gender-wise comparison of overweight and obesity in both types of schools. Methods: Comparative cross sectional study was conducted in Dharan. A total of 800 early adolescents were selected, 400 each from 6 government and 18 private schools. Height and weight was measured and BMI calculated. Overweight and obesity was determined using the WHO (2007), age and gender specific BMI for age Z scores. Results: Among study population the prevalence of overweight and obesity was 8.8% and 3.3% respectively. The prevalence of overweight and obesity was higher among adolescents from private than government schools (13.7% and 5.8% vs. 3.8% and 0.8%). In both types of schools prevalence of overweight was higher among male than female. In government prevalence of obesity was higher among female, whereas in private it was higher among male. Conclusion: Overweight and obesity was significantly higher among adolescents from private than government schools. Awareness should be created to promote a healthy balance of diet and physical activity within and outside the school to prevent and control overweight and obesity among school children.

Keywords: Early adolescent, anthropometry, overweight, obesity.


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Google Scholar Indian Science Publications InfoBase Index (In Process) SOCOLAR, China Research Bible, Fuchu, Tokyo. JAPAN International Society for Research activity (ISRA) Scientific Indexing Services (SIS) Polish Scholarly Bibliography Global Impact Factor (GIF) (Under Process) Universal Impact Factor International Scientific Indexing (ISI), UAE Index Copernicus CAS (A Division of American Chemical Society) USA (Under Process) Directory of Open Access Journal (DOAJ, Sweden, in process) UDLedge Science Citation Index CiteFactor Directory Of Research Journal Indexing (DRJI) Indian citation Index (ICI) Journal Index (JI, Under Process) Directory of abstract indexing for Journals (DAIJ) Open Access Journals (Under Process) Impact Factor Services For International Journals (IFSIJ) Cosmos Impact Factor Jour Informatics (Under Process) Eurasian Scientific Journal Index (ESJI) International Innovative Journal Impact Factor (IIJIF) Science Library Index, Dubai, United Arab Emirates Pubmed Database [NLM ID: 101669306] (Under Process)