EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF
PHARMACEUTICAL AND MEDICAL RESEARCH

An International Peer Reviewed Journal for Pharmaceutical, Medical & Biological Sciences

An Official Publication of Society for Advance Healthcare Research (Reg. No. : 01/01/01/31674/16)

European Journal of Pharmaceutical and Medical Research (EJPMR) has indexed with various reputed international bodies like : Google Scholar , Indian Science Publications , InfoBase Index (In Process) , SOCOLAR, China , Research Bible, Fuchu, Tokyo. JAPAN , International Society for Research activity (ISRA) , Scientific Indexing Services (SIS) , Polish Scholarly Bibliography , Global Impact Factor (GIF) (Under Process) , Universal Impact Factor , International Scientific Indexing (ISI), UAE  , Index Copernicus , CAS (A Division of American Chemical Society) USA (Under Process) , Directory of Open Access Journal (DOAJ, Sweden, in process) , UDLedge Science Citation Index , CiteFactor , Directory Of Research Journal Indexing (DRJI) , Indian citation Index (ICI) , Journal Index (JI, Under Process) , Directory of abstract indexing for Journals (DAIJ) , Open Access Journals (Under Process) , Impact Factor Services For International Journals (IFSIJ) , Cosmos Impact Factor , Jour Informatics (Under Process) , Eurasian Scientific Journal Index (ESJI) , International Innovative Journal Impact Factor (IIJIF) , Science Library Index, Dubai, United Arab Emirates , Pubmed Database [NLM ID: 101669306] (Under Process) , 

 ISSN 2394- 3211

Impact Factor: 4.161

 ICV - 45.77

Abstract

ELONGATED STYLOID PROCESS AND ANATOMICAL IMPLICATIONS FOR EAGLE’S SYNDROME

Dr. Bheem Prasad*, Dr. Padamjeet Panchal

ABSTRACT

Eagle’s Syndrome is a condition of an elongated styloid process or ossification of the stylohyoid ligaments. It may cause throat pain, otalgia, foreign body sensation, difficulty in swallowing, etc. In adults the styloid process is usually 20 - 30 mm but if it is more than 30 mm it is called as elongated styloid process. It can be diagnosed by a detailed history, physical examination and radiological investigation. The aim of the present study was to determine the average length of the styloid process in the dry human skulls. This study was conducted on 50 dried adult human skulls of the Department of Anatomy, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, Patna. The length of the styloid process was measured from its base to the tip of the styloid process by a Digital Vernier Caliper. Among the 50 dry skulls, the elongated styloid process was unilaterally in two skulls. The maximum length of styloid process was 35.59 mm on the right side, whereas the left side styloid process was a normal length. The average length of the styloid process on left side was 21.01±6.67 mm, whereas on the right side was 21.20±6.97 mm. An awareness of the Eagle’s syndrome is important to all health professionals who are involved in the diagnosis and treatment of head and neck pain management.

Keywords: Eagle’s syndrome, Elongated styloid process, Ossification, skull, Stylohyoid ligament, styloid process.


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Google Scholar Indian Science Publications InfoBase Index (In Process) SOCOLAR, China Research Bible, Fuchu, Tokyo. JAPAN International Society for Research activity (ISRA) Scientific Indexing Services (SIS) Polish Scholarly Bibliography Global Impact Factor (GIF) (Under Process) Universal Impact Factor International Scientific Indexing (ISI), UAE Index Copernicus CAS (A Division of American Chemical Society) USA (Under Process) Directory of Open Access Journal (DOAJ, Sweden, in process) UDLedge Science Citation Index CiteFactor Directory Of Research Journal Indexing (DRJI) Indian citation Index (ICI) Journal Index (JI, Under Process) Directory of abstract indexing for Journals (DAIJ) Open Access Journals (Under Process) Impact Factor Services For International Journals (IFSIJ) Cosmos Impact Factor Jour Informatics (Under Process) Eurasian Scientific Journal Index (ESJI) International Innovative Journal Impact Factor (IIJIF) Science Library Index, Dubai, United Arab Emirates Pubmed Database [NLM ID: 101669306] (Under Process)