INCIDENCE OF HIV-1 IN ADOLESCENTS AND ADULTS TESTED AT VCTC OF GOVERNMENT GENERAL HOSPITAL, GUNTUR, ANDHRA PRADESH, INDIA
Kochara Suresh Babu, Naladi Baratha Jyothi and Kanikaram Sunita*
The present communication deals with the objective of revealing seroprevalence, family history, socio-demographic characteristics, and the mode of transmission of HIV in adults and adolescents tested at VCTC (Voluntary Counseling and Testing Center) of Govt. General Hospital, Guntur, Andhra Pradesh, India. It is a retrospective cross – sectional record based study from April 2014 to October 2016. A total of 589 HIV positive adolescents and adult people from different villages belonging to the selected five mandals of Guntur district were recruited for the study. Out of 589 attendees of VCTC, 296 (50.25%) were male and 293 (49.75%) were female subjects belonging to the age group of 11-75 years. Out of 589 study subjects, 565 (96%) subjects became HIV positive through heterosexual partner and 24 (4%) subjects their HIV positive mothers at the time of their births i.e., through mother to child transmission (MTCT). Among 589 HIV-1 positive subjects, 143 (24%) subjects of both genders were died during the course of study period and remaining 446 (76%) subjects were alive taking antiretroviral therapy. Majority of the study subjects were labourers with low income but 94% of the subjects were literate.
Keywords: HIV incidence, mode of transmission, family history, siblings’ status, mortality.
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