CO-EXISTENCE OF BACTERIAL VAGINOSIS AND CANDIDIASIS AMONG PREGNANT WOMEN IN EKPOMA, NIGERIA.
Okodua, M. A, Eyieyien, E.F, Eyaufe, A.A.O*, Osagie, R.N, Festus, O.O, Unuabonah, F.H, Iserhienrhien, O and Adeleke, G.
This study examines the co-existence of candidiasis and bacterial vaginosis among pregnant women in Ekpoma, Edo State, Southern Nigeria for a period of 4 months. Bacteriological and Mycological study was done in Diagnostic and Research Laboratories of Medical Laboratory Science Department of Ambrose Alli University, Ekpoma. Two hundred and ten (210) pregnant subjects and fifty non-pregnant women were examined for reproductive tracts infections of candidiasis, bacterial vaginosis and co-infection of candidiasis and bacterial vaginosis. In this study 46(38.3%) of the pregnant women studied were found to have candidiasis, bacterial vaginosis and co-infections of candidiasis and bacterial vaginosis. Cases of candidiasis was 24(43.5%), bacterial vaginosis was 17(37%), while those with co-infection with bacterial vaginosis and candidiasis was 5(10.8%). The comparison between pregnant women and the control was not statistically significant (X2 = 0.03; P value = 0.99). it was however found out that co-infection of bacterial vaginosis and candidiasis among pregnant women in this study was low and was highest among pregnant women in their 3rd trimester. It was also observed that highest occurrences of co-infections were among pregnant women who are traders.
Keywords: Pregnant, women, vaginosis, candidiasis.
[Full Text Article]