An International Peer Reviewed Journal for Pharmaceutical, Medical & Biological Sciences

An Official Publication of Society for Advance Healthcare Research (Reg. No. : 01/01/01/31674/16)

European Journal of Pharmaceutical and Medical Research (EJPMR) has indexed with various reputed international bodies like : Google Scholar , Indian Science Publications , InfoBase Index (In Process) , SOCOLAR, China , Research Bible, Fuchu, Tokyo. JAPAN , International Society for Research activity (ISRA) , Scientific Indexing Services (SIS) , Polish Scholarly Bibliography , Global Impact Factor (GIF) (Under Process) , Universal Impact Factor , International Scientific Indexing (ISI), UAE  , Index Copernicus , CAS (A Division of American Chemical Society) USA (Under Process) , Directory of Open Access Journal (DOAJ, Sweden, in process) , UDLedge Science Citation Index , CiteFactor , Directory Of Research Journal Indexing (DRJI) , Indian citation Index (ICI) , Journal Index (JI, Under Process) , Directory of abstract indexing for Journals (DAIJ) , Open Access Journals (Under Process) , Impact Factor Services For International Journals (IFSIJ) , Cosmos Impact Factor , Jour Informatics (Under Process) , Eurasian Scientific Journal Index (ESJI) , International Innovative Journal Impact Factor (IIJIF) , Science Library Index, Dubai, United Arab Emirates , Pubmed Database [NLM ID: 101669306] (Under Process) , 

 ISSN 2394-3211

Impact Factor: 4.897

 ICV - 79.57



Ismail A. Darout*, Hamid A. Elshwkani


Background: Qat chewing is widely practiced by adult population in Jazan region. Both periodontal disease and teeth discoloration are the most common problems reportedly associated with qat chewing. The aims of the present study were to explore among adult qat chewers the association of qat chewing side and gingival recession and to study oral hygiene status of the chewers. Materials and methods: This study was conducted on a convenience sample of 41 adult males attending dental clinics, College of Dentistry, University of Jazan with good general health of > 18 years of age. Interviewing questionnaires were used to assess chewing habits, oral health status and possible risk factor for gingival recession. The clinical periodontal examination was conducted to assess gingival recession in relation to qat chewing. The data were processed and analyzed by means of the Statistical Package for Social Sciences (SPSS version 20.0, Institute Inc., Cary, NC, USA). Results: Of the total participants, 56% were toothbrush users and 24.4% using combine toothbrush and miswak as an oral hygiene and only 9.8% used miswak sticks alone. 56.1% reported chewing qat for ≥9 years and 43.9% for ≤8year respectively. 39% of the toothbrush users and 19.5% of miswak users reported horizontal technique. Just brushing was 41.5% toothbrush users and 61% of miswak users. Common side of qat chewing was left side 61.6% and 34.2% right respectively. Gingival recession was significantly (p=005) correlated with chewing side. Conclusion: The results show that there is a significant gingival recession in qat chewers that gingival recession in most cases related to left side of the chewers.

Keywords: Qat chewing; periodontal health; gingival recession; oral Health.

[Full Text Article]



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Google Scholar Indian Science Publications InfoBase Index (In Process) SOCOLAR, China Research Bible, Fuchu, Tokyo. JAPAN International Society for Research activity (ISRA) Scientific Indexing Services (SIS) Polish Scholarly Bibliography Global Impact Factor (GIF) (Under Process) Universal Impact Factor International Scientific Indexing (ISI), UAE Index Copernicus CAS (A Division of American Chemical Society) USA (Under Process) Directory of Open Access Journal (DOAJ, Sweden, in process) UDLedge Science Citation Index CiteFactor Directory Of Research Journal Indexing (DRJI) Indian citation Index (ICI) Journal Index (JI, Under Process) Directory of abstract indexing for Journals (DAIJ) Open Access Journals (Under Process) Impact Factor Services For International Journals (IFSIJ) Cosmos Impact Factor Jour Informatics (Under Process) Eurasian Scientific Journal Index (ESJI) International Innovative Journal Impact Factor (IIJIF) Science Library Index, Dubai, United Arab Emirates Pubmed Database [NLM ID: 101669306] (Under Process)