EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF
PHARMACEUTICAL AND MEDICAL RESEARCH

An International Peer Reviewed Journal for Pharmaceutical, Medical & Biological Sciences

An Official Publication of Society for Advance Healthcare Research (Reg. No. : 01/01/01/31674/16)

European Journal of Pharmaceutical and Medical Research (EJPMR) has indexed with various reputed international bodies like : Google Scholar , Indian Science Publications , InfoBase Index (In Process) , SOCOLAR, China , Research Bible, Fuchu, Tokyo. JAPAN , International Society for Research activity (ISRA) , Scientific Indexing Services (SIS) , Polish Scholarly Bibliography , Global Impact Factor (GIF) (Under Process) , Universal Impact Factor , International Scientific Indexing (ISI), UAE  , Index Copernicus , CAS (A Division of American Chemical Society) USA (Under Process) , Directory of Open Access Journal (DOAJ, Sweden, in process) , UDLedge Science Citation Index , CiteFactor , Directory Of Research Journal Indexing (DRJI) , Indian citation Index (ICI) , Journal Index (JI, Under Process) , Directory of abstract indexing for Journals (DAIJ) , Open Access Journals (Under Process) , Impact Factor Services For International Journals (IFSIJ) , Cosmos Impact Factor , Jour Informatics (Under Process) , Eurasian Scientific Journal Index (ESJI) , International Innovative Journal Impact Factor (IIJIF) , Science Library Index, Dubai, United Arab Emirates , Pubmed Database [NLM ID: 101669306] (Under Process) , 

 ISSN 2394- 3211

Impact Factor: 4.161

 ICV - 79.57

Abstract

EFFECT OF CIGARETTE SMOKING ON WEIGHT OF HUMAN LENS

Dr. Syed Anzar Ahmed, Dr. Alvina Anzar, Dr. Amna Anzar, Dr. Imtiaz Ahmad, Osama Anzar and *Kisa Fatima Altaf

ABSTRACT

Background: The growth of lens of eye takes place throughout life due to addition of new cells from the single layer of cuboidal cells beneath the capsule and thus may remain exposed to influences like oxidative stress for longer period. Cigarette smoking leads to deposition of metals in smokers and even in their lenses, known to cause oxidative stress. The aim of study was to see the association of metal deposition due to cigarette smoking on weight/growth of lens. Materials & Methods: Total 100 patients having nuclear cataract including smokers and non-smokers were randomly selected from OPD of LRBT Hospital. After surgical extraction (ECCE) lenses were weighed by scientific balance and then copper, cadmium and lead concentrations were determined by Atomic Absorption Spectrophotometer. Result: Weight of Lens was found to be significantly lower in Smokers than Non-Smokers. Also Negative Correlation between Concentration of Metals and Weight of Lens was observed. Conclusion: The study is indicative of how smoking (air pollution) affects the cellular integrity and viability of lens of human eye. It emphasizes the importance of preventive measures by identifying the relationship of environmental pollution and increasing cases of different organ failures to improve the general health and economics of people.

Keywords: Smoking, Lens, Weight, Oxidative, Metals.


[Full Text Article]

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Google Scholar Indian Science Publications InfoBase Index (In Process) SOCOLAR, China Research Bible, Fuchu, Tokyo. JAPAN International Society for Research activity (ISRA) Scientific Indexing Services (SIS) Polish Scholarly Bibliography Global Impact Factor (GIF) (Under Process) Universal Impact Factor International Scientific Indexing (ISI), UAE Index Copernicus CAS (A Division of American Chemical Society) USA (Under Process) Directory of Open Access Journal (DOAJ, Sweden, in process) UDLedge Science Citation Index CiteFactor Directory Of Research Journal Indexing (DRJI) Indian citation Index (ICI) Journal Index (JI, Under Process) Directory of abstract indexing for Journals (DAIJ) Open Access Journals (Under Process) Impact Factor Services For International Journals (IFSIJ) Cosmos Impact Factor Jour Informatics (Under Process) Eurasian Scientific Journal Index (ESJI) International Innovative Journal Impact Factor (IIJIF) Science Library Index, Dubai, United Arab Emirates Pubmed Database [NLM ID: 101669306] (Under Process)