A STUDY ON PHYTOCHEMICALS, ANTIOXIDANT, ANTIDIABETIC AND ANTIMICROBIAL ACTIVITY OF THE LEAVES OF SOLANUM NIGRUM
Fabiola and Dr. V. Judia Harriet Sumathy*
Medicinal plants serve as a source of novel therapeutic agent due to the presence of diverse bioactive compounds
like alkaloids, flavonoids, terpenoids, phenolic compounds, glycosides etc in plants. These phytocompounds are
synthesized by primary or rather secondary metabolism of living organisms. They are widely used in the human
therapy, veterinary, agriculture, scientific research, etc. The utilization of several medicinal plants as medicine lies
in the fact that they contain various phytoconstituents of therapeutic value. Extraction and characterization of
various active phytoconstituents from these green factories have given birth to some highly active profile drug.
Most of the plants are found to be rich in one or more elements, thus providing a probable relation to the
therapeutic action of the medicine. Solanum nigrum is commonly used as a food since early times, and the fruit was
recorded as a famine food in 15th – century in China. In India, the berries are casually grown and eaten while the
berries are referred to as ‘fragrant tomato’. The plant also has a long time history of medicinal usage, dating back
to ancient Greece, being used for cancer and with Horehound and wine taken for dropsy. The present study aims at
analyzing the Phytochemical, Antioxidant, Antidiabetic and Antimicrobial activity of the leaves of Solanum
Keywords: Medicinal plants, Phytocompounds, Solanum nigrum, Medicinal Usage and Cancer Treatment.
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