A COMPARATIVE STUDY OF PROPHYLACTIC USE OF SUBCONJUNCTIVAL GENTAMICIN AND INTRACAMERAL MOXIFLOXACIN IN POST OPERATIVE CATARACT SURGERY
Mohamed Yasir Arafath*, B. Jayaprakash, B. Arul, Linta Jose, Oliviya C. J. and Powrnami Raj
A cataract is a clouding of the lens in the eye leading to a decrease in vision. It can affect one or both eyes. Often it develops slowly for which the symptoms may include faded colors, blurry vision, halos around light, trouble with bright lights, and trouble seeing at night. This may result in trouble driving, reading, or recognizing faces. Poor vision may also result in an increased risk of falling and depression. Cataracts are the cause of half of blindness and 33% of visual impairment worldwide. About 20 million people globally are blind due to cataracts. It is the cause of about 5% of blindness in the United States and nearly 60% of blindness in parts of Africa. Cataracts become more common with age. About half the people in the United States have had cataracts by the age of 80. It is estimated that from the global blindness, the South Asia begin which include India about 51% of blindness due to cataract, depending on age, sex and educational status of the people, which is revealed by WHO.
Endophthalmitis is a rare but potentially a self resolving complication of cataract surgery. Within the literature, its incidence varies from 0% to as high as 1.24% even with the best treatment it can result in severe visual loss. 47% of patients visual acuity is 6/60 or worse. 25% of eyes required Enucleation/evisceration.
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