STUDY OF FINGERPRINT PATTERN IN RELATION TO BLOOD GROUPS AMONG MEDICAL STUDENTS
Aarushi Jain*, Arti Kasulkar and Pratibha Mardikar
Fingerprints form the most reliable criteria for identification as they are absolutely individualistic and do not change with time. In this study, we have made an effort to study a relationship between ABO blood group and pattern of fingerprint. This cross-sectional study was carried out among 150 medical students from August 2014 to September 2014. Fingerprints of right hand were collected for both male and female undergraduate students using simple ink pad. Fingerprints were classified and studied in detail regarding their types, as to whether or not they form a particular pattern by the help of various ridge patterns. Also after recording blood group against fingerprints, each individual combination was screened to look for a pattern. We found that the ‘blood group B’ 65(43.3%) was the most prominent blood group followed by ‘O blood group’ 55(36.7%) and loop was the commonest pattern observed in all fingers followed by whorl in blood group A, B and O. We concluded that there is an association between distribution of fingerprint patterns and blood group.
Keywords: Fingerprint, Ridge pattern, Blood group, Medical students.
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