EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF
PHARMACEUTICAL AND MEDICAL RESEARCH

An International Peer Reviewed Journal for Pharmaceutical, Medical & Biological Sciences

An Official Publication of Society for Advance Healthcare Research (Reg. No. : 01/01/01/31674/16)

European Journal of Pharmaceutical and Medical Research (EJPMR) has indexed with various reputed international bodies like : Google Scholar , Indian Science Publications , InfoBase Index (In Process) , SOCOLAR, China , Research Bible, Fuchu, Tokyo. JAPAN , International Society for Research activity (ISRA) , Scientific Indexing Services (SIS) , Polish Scholarly Bibliography , Global Impact Factor (GIF) (Under Process) , Universal Impact Factor , International Scientific Indexing (ISI), UAE  , Index Copernicus , CAS (A Division of American Chemical Society) USA (Under Process) , Directory of Open Access Journal (DOAJ, Sweden, in process) , UDLedge Science Citation Index , CiteFactor , Directory Of Research Journal Indexing (DRJI) , Indian citation Index (ICI) , Journal Index (JI, Under Process) , Directory of abstract indexing for Journals (DAIJ) , Open Access Journals (Under Process) , Impact Factor Services For International Journals (IFSIJ) , Cosmos Impact Factor , Jour Informatics (Under Process) , Eurasian Scientific Journal Index (ESJI) , International Innovative Journal Impact Factor (IIJIF) , Science Library Index, Dubai, United Arab Emirates , Pubmed Database [NLM ID: 101669306] (Under Process) , 

 ISSN 2394- 3211

Impact Factor: 4.161

 ICV - 79.57

Abstract

ANTIBIOTIC SENSITIVITY PATTERN AND COST EFFECTIVENESS ANALYSIS OF ANTIBIOTIC THERAPY

Arul B.*, Rangabashyam S. R., Kothai R., Sherin Roy, Sruthy Jose, Swathy Unnithan and Vidhya Lakshmi V.

ABSTRACT

The present study is aimed to analyse the antibiotic sensitivity pattern of microorganisms, to study the antibiotic usage pattern and to conduct a cost effectiveness analysis for the antibiotics prescribed in a tertiary care teaching hospital. This prospective cross sectional study was conducted in various departments of the hospital for a period of 6 months. The study was conducted in three phases and total of 200 cases were documented and analysed. It was found that S.aureus was the major organism isolated in 39% of the isolated specimen, followed by E.coli (36%), Pseudomonas sps (7%), Enterococci (5%), K.pneumoniae (5%), M.tuberculi (3%), S.pyogenes (2%), MRSA (2%), S.typhi (1%). The sensitivity pattern data of the collected organism revealed that S.aureus was highly sensitive to ceftriaxone (41.02%) followed by E.coli to cefotaxime (33.33%), Pseudomonas to ceftriaxone (42.85%) Enterococci to amoxicillin (100%), K.pneumoniae to amoxicillin (60%) and S.Pyogenes to ceftriaxone (66.67%). The most common disease for which antibiotics were prescribed was fever with 20.5% (41 patients). Amoxicillin (38.5%) was the most commonly prescribed antibiotic followed by cefotaxime (23%), ceftriaxone (20.65%). In the cost effectiveness analysis it revealed that amoxicillin was the most cost effective antibiotic with a low cost effectiveness ratio for various diseases. Continuous surveillance of susceptibility testing is necessary for cost effective customisation of empiric antibiotic therapy. Furthermore reliable statistics on antibiotic resistance and policies should be made available.

Keywords: Antibiotics, cost effectiveness analysis, prescribing pattern, sensitivity.


[Full Text Article]

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Google Scholar Indian Science Publications InfoBase Index (In Process) SOCOLAR, China Research Bible, Fuchu, Tokyo. JAPAN International Society for Research activity (ISRA) Scientific Indexing Services (SIS) Polish Scholarly Bibliography Global Impact Factor (GIF) (Under Process) Universal Impact Factor International Scientific Indexing (ISI), UAE Index Copernicus CAS (A Division of American Chemical Society) USA (Under Process) Directory of Open Access Journal (DOAJ, Sweden, in process) UDLedge Science Citation Index CiteFactor Directory Of Research Journal Indexing (DRJI) Indian citation Index (ICI) Journal Index (JI, Under Process) Directory of abstract indexing for Journals (DAIJ) Open Access Journals (Under Process) Impact Factor Services For International Journals (IFSIJ) Cosmos Impact Factor Jour Informatics (Under Process) Eurasian Scientific Journal Index (ESJI) International Innovative Journal Impact Factor (IIJIF) Science Library Index, Dubai, United Arab Emirates Pubmed Database [NLM ID: 101669306] (Under Process)