EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF
PHARMACEUTICAL AND MEDICAL RESEARCH

An International Peer Reviewed Journal for Pharmaceutical, Medical & Biological Sciences

An Official Publication of Society for Advance Healthcare Research (Reg. No. : 01/01/01/31674/16)

European Journal of Pharmaceutical and Medical Research (EJPMR) has indexed with various reputed international bodies like : Google Scholar , Indian Science Publications , InfoBase Index (In Process) , SOCOLAR, China , Research Bible, Fuchu, Tokyo. JAPAN , International Society for Research activity (ISRA) , Scientific Indexing Services (SIS) , Polish Scholarly Bibliography , Global Impact Factor (GIF) (Under Process) , Universal Impact Factor , International Scientific Indexing (ISI), UAE  , Index Copernicus , CAS (A Division of American Chemical Society) USA (Under Process) , Directory of Open Access Journal (DOAJ, Sweden, in process) , UDLedge Science Citation Index , CiteFactor , Directory Of Research Journal Indexing (DRJI) , Indian citation Index (ICI) , Journal Index (JI, Under Process) , Directory of abstract indexing for Journals (DAIJ) , Open Access Journals (Under Process) , Impact Factor Services For International Journals (IFSIJ) , Cosmos Impact Factor , Jour Informatics (Under Process) , Eurasian Scientific Journal Index (ESJI) , International Innovative Journal Impact Factor (IIJIF) , Science Library Index, Dubai, United Arab Emirates , Pubmed Database [NLM ID: 101669306] (Under Process) , 

 ISSN 2394- 3211

Impact Factor: 4.161

 ICV - 79.57

Abstract

COMPARISON OF DIGITAL PATTERNS AT LEVEL 2 OF IKWERRE AND KALABARI PEOPLE OF SOUTHERN NIGERIA

Paul Chikwuogwo Wokpeogu and Paul John Nwolim*

ABSTRACT

Introduction: Dermatoglyphics is defined as the branch of science which studies the patterns of the skin (dermal) ridges present on human fingers, toes and the soles (Mendenhall et al., 1989). Level 2 details of dermatoglyphics treat the subject at its minutest detail and is the basis for identification of human subjects. This study is therefore aimed at determining the level 2 details and comparing whether Kalabari and Ikwerre ethnic groups exhibit ethnic variations. Materials and Methods: The study was an analytical cross-sectional research. 82 (Ikwerre 52, Kalabari 30) subjects were recruited for the study.Simple random sampling with chi square and z-test tool analysis. Results: Comparisons of the patterns between both tribes have shown a great deal of difference statistically. In the females, there were statistical significance (p<0.05) in the distribution of bifurcation, Dot, Lake, Double Bifurcation, Ridge ending and Ridge crossing on the right while on the left there was also statistical significance (p<0.05) except for Dot, Lake and Double Bifurcation (P>0.05). Conclusion: The result of the study has shown that there is difference in the distribution of the patterns between the two tribes which have been attributed to nutritional difference at the formative stage of the patterns.

Keywords: Level 2; Bifurcation, Double Bifurcation; Ridge Ending; Ridge Crossing.


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Google Scholar Indian Science Publications InfoBase Index (In Process) SOCOLAR, China Research Bible, Fuchu, Tokyo. JAPAN International Society for Research activity (ISRA) Scientific Indexing Services (SIS) Polish Scholarly Bibliography Global Impact Factor (GIF) (Under Process) Universal Impact Factor International Scientific Indexing (ISI), UAE Index Copernicus CAS (A Division of American Chemical Society) USA (Under Process) Directory of Open Access Journal (DOAJ, Sweden, in process) UDLedge Science Citation Index CiteFactor Directory Of Research Journal Indexing (DRJI) Indian citation Index (ICI) Journal Index (JI, Under Process) Directory of abstract indexing for Journals (DAIJ) Open Access Journals (Under Process) Impact Factor Services For International Journals (IFSIJ) Cosmos Impact Factor Jour Informatics (Under Process) Eurasian Scientific Journal Index (ESJI) International Innovative Journal Impact Factor (IIJIF) Science Library Index, Dubai, United Arab Emirates Pubmed Database [NLM ID: 101669306] (Under Process)