EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF
PHARMACEUTICAL AND MEDICAL RESEARCH

An International Peer Reviewed Journal for Pharmaceutical, Medical & Biological Sciences

An Official Publication of Society for Advance Healthcare Research (Reg. No. : 01/01/01/31674/16)

European Journal of Pharmaceutical and Medical Research (EJPMR) has indexed with various reputed international bodies like : Google Scholar , Indian Science Publications , InfoBase Index (In Process) , SOCOLAR, China , Research Bible, Fuchu, Tokyo. JAPAN , International Society for Research activity (ISRA) , Scientific Indexing Services (SIS) , Polish Scholarly Bibliography , Global Impact Factor (GIF) (Under Process) , Universal Impact Factor , International Scientific Indexing (ISI), UAE  , Index Copernicus , CAS (A Division of American Chemical Society) USA (Under Process) , Directory of Open Access Journal (DOAJ, Sweden, in process) , UDLedge Science Citation Index , CiteFactor , Directory Of Research Journal Indexing (DRJI) , Indian citation Index (ICI) , Journal Index (JI, Under Process) , Directory of abstract indexing for Journals (DAIJ) , Open Access Journals (Under Process) , Impact Factor Services For International Journals (IFSIJ) , Cosmos Impact Factor , Jour Informatics (Under Process) , Eurasian Scientific Journal Index (ESJI) , International Innovative Journal Impact Factor (IIJIF) , Science Library Index, Dubai, United Arab Emirates , Pubmed Database [NLM ID: 101669306] (Under Process) , 

 ISSN 2394- 3211

Impact Factor: 4.161

 ICV - 79.57

Abstract

PREVALENCE OF HEPATITIS B VIRUS (HBV), HEPATITIS C VIRUS (HCV) AND OCCULT HBV IN HEMODIALYSIS PATIENTS IN THE ARMED FORCES HOSPITAL AT AL HADA- TAIF, SAUDI ARABIA

Prof. Mohammed Osman El Hassan Gadour MRCP, FRCP*, Dr. Mohammed Mesfer Algethami MD, FCCP, Mohammed Ali Algarni and May Ebaidan Althobaiti

ABSTRACT

Introduction The prevalence of HBV and HCV in the general community and in hemodialysis population differs between countries and even in the same country. The wide implementation of HBV vaccination in Saudi Arabia and the adoption of new control and prevention measures had contributed significantly to low prevalence rates reported recently. The aim of this study is to determine seroprevalence for HBV and HCV for hemodialysis patients in our hospital. Materials and Methods: Demographic and biomedical data were collected via questionnaires from the electronic files of patients undergoing hemodialysis. Third generation ELISA and polymerase chain reaction were used to look for serology, DNA and RNA of HBV and HCV. Data were analyzed and discussed. Results: We included 164 patients in this study, all were Saudi. Their ages ranged between 11 and 103 years. Only five of these patients were tested positive for HBs Ag (seroprevalence of 3.0%). PCR for HBV was tested in 49 patients, only one turned to be positive. None of tested patients had occult HBV infection. HCV was tested for in 156 of our patients. Six of the patients were positive for both HCV Ab and HCV PCR (seroprevalence of 5.1%.). Only four patient had daul infection. Conclusion: The prevalence of Hbs Ag positivity in this study is very low (3%) compared to previous studies. No occult HBV infection was found in the tested patients. The prevalence of HCV was also low (5.1%).

Keywords: seroprevalence, HBs Ag, HBV PCR, HCV Ab, HCV PCR.


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Google Scholar Indian Science Publications InfoBase Index (In Process) SOCOLAR, China Research Bible, Fuchu, Tokyo. JAPAN International Society for Research activity (ISRA) Scientific Indexing Services (SIS) Polish Scholarly Bibliography Global Impact Factor (GIF) (Under Process) Universal Impact Factor International Scientific Indexing (ISI), UAE Index Copernicus CAS (A Division of American Chemical Society) USA (Under Process) Directory of Open Access Journal (DOAJ, Sweden, in process) UDLedge Science Citation Index CiteFactor Directory Of Research Journal Indexing (DRJI) Indian citation Index (ICI) Journal Index (JI, Under Process) Directory of abstract indexing for Journals (DAIJ) Open Access Journals (Under Process) Impact Factor Services For International Journals (IFSIJ) Cosmos Impact Factor Jour Informatics (Under Process) Eurasian Scientific Journal Index (ESJI) International Innovative Journal Impact Factor (IIJIF) Science Library Index, Dubai, United Arab Emirates Pubmed Database [NLM ID: 101669306] (Under Process)