PREVALENCE OF OVERACTIVE BLADDER AMONG FEMALES OF KARACHI, PAKISTAN
Shabnam Nadeem*, Hareem Fatima Hussain, Deebaj Fatima Hussain, Tazeen Fatima Munim, Rubina Feroz, Nazish Ali and Muniba Gul
Overactive Bladder or OAB is a condition that is chiefly experienced by the women, mostly in the later stages of life especially with regard to the reproductive health. The worldwide incidence of OAB is 11-19%. The focus of present study was to determine the prevalence of OAB in females and to study its associated risk factors. This study used a cross sectional research design. All healthy asymptomatic women between ages of 18-55years over a period of two years (Dec 2014 to Dec 2016) were included. The data were collected through completing two questionnaires. Symptoms suggestive of OAB were assessed using an OAB-screener questionnaire as adopted from the ICIQ (International consultation on incontinence questionnaire). The total prevalence of OAB was 39.2%, It is more prevalent in married women as compared to un-married (p value=0.031), the prevalence was high among those who were house hold, led sedentary lifestyle. Most of the women suffering from OAB had never consulted the doctors. Detailed study with respect to co morbidities can be beneficial to explore this emerging health issue and can be helpful in managing complications regarding it.
Keywords: Overactive Bladder, Prevalence, Sedentary Lifestyle, Polyuria, Nocturia.
[Full Text Article]