PREVALENCE OF HUMAN PAPILLOMAVIRUS INFECTION IN PATIENTS WITH UNHEALTHY CERVIX: A HOSPITAL BASED STUDY
Sabha Malik, Shahida Mir, Sabhiya Majid, Shahnaz Taing, Fida Mohammad and Mohammad Sarwar Mir*
Cancer of uterine cervix is the second most common malignancy in the world, but it is number one cause in Indian women, posing a major public health problem. One and a half year prospective study was carried out in Departments of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Lalla Ded Hospital, GMC Srinagar to find prevalence of HPV infection in patients with unhealthy cervix. A total of hundred patients were studied during the research period. Majority of the patients (82%) belonged to the age group of 35-44 years. 44 % of the patients were > Para 3. Cervical erosion was the most common per speculum examination finding. Oral contraceptive pills was the most common form of contraception used. Prevalence of HPV infection was found to be 9%.Most of the positive cases belonged to the age group of 45 to 54 years and were para 4 or more. Maximum (15.4%) HPV positive cases had their first sexual exposure before 18 years. Maximum correlation of HPV infection was seen with cervix that bled on touch.
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