A CASE REPORT ON GUILLAIN BARRE SYNDROME
Alen Joe Francy*, Eldho Jose, Sethu Sugathan, S.Hemalatha, K. Menaka and T. Sivakumar
Guillain-Barre syndrome (GBS) is a heterogeneous group of autoimmune polyradiculopathies, involving sensory, motor and autonomic nerves. It is characterised by motor difficulty, absence of deep tendon reflexes and paraesthesia without objective sensory loss. Etiology of GBS remains unclear and pathophysiology includes demyelination of spinal nerve roots. We present a case of a 46 year old patient who initially presented with the complaints of lower limb weakness for past 1 month and inability to use right lower limb and difficulty in breathing. The patient had tingling sensation and numbness in lower limbs. Based on Cerebro Spinal Fluid (CSF) analysis, sensory and motor system examination finding a diagnosis of Guillain – Barre Syndrome was made. With supportive treatment, the patient had recovered. Continuing physiotherapy, regular monitoring of sensory and motor system with the disease condition makes a profound effect of patient’s healthy life.
Keywords: Guillain – Barre syndrome, Auto immune disease, CSF Analysis, Motor system examination.
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