An International Peer Reviewed Journal for Pharmaceutical, Medical & Biological Sciences

An Official Publication of Society for Advance Healthcare Research (Reg. No. : 01/01/01/31674/16)

European Journal of Pharmaceutical and Medical Research (EJPMR) has indexed with various reputed international bodies like : Google Scholar , Indian Science Publications , InfoBase Index (In Process) , SOCOLAR, China , Research Bible, Fuchu, Tokyo. JAPAN , International Society for Research activity (ISRA) , Scientific Indexing Services (SIS) , Polish Scholarly Bibliography , Global Impact Factor (GIF) (Under Process) , Universal Impact Factor , International Scientific Indexing (ISI), UAE  , Index Copernicus , CAS (A Division of American Chemical Society) USA (Under Process) , Directory of Open Access Journal (DOAJ, Sweden, in process) , UDLedge Science Citation Index , CiteFactor , Directory Of Research Journal Indexing (DRJI) , Indian citation Index (ICI) , Journal Index (JI, Under Process) , Directory of abstract indexing for Journals (DAIJ) , Open Access Journals (Under Process) , Impact Factor Services For International Journals (IFSIJ) , Cosmos Impact Factor , Jour Informatics (Under Process) , Eurasian Scientific Journal Index (ESJI) , International Innovative Journal Impact Factor (IIJIF) , Science Library Index, Dubai, United Arab Emirates , Pubmed Database [NLM ID: 101669306] (Under Process) , IP Indexing (Under Process) , 

 ISSN 2394-3211

Impact Factor: 4.897

 ICV - 79.57



Gawthaman M., Kamatchi M.*, Patil Disha, Veerabadhran Mahesh Mathian, Vinodh S., Manoharan M.


Background: Child dental anxiety is stressful problem among the children as well as the dentist. So, the dentist must be able to determine their anxiety levels prior to treatment. For this purpose official assessment measures are necessary. Aim: To assess and compare the levels of dental anxiety among children aged 3 to 14 years using picture tests like Venham picture test and Facial image scale and non-picture tests like Corah‟s dental anxiety scale and Modified dental anxiety scale. Materials and methods: A total number of 100 healthy children aged 3 to 14 years during their first dental visit were randomly selected for the study. Childs anxiety level was measured using Venham picture test, facial image scale, Corah‟s dental anxiety scale and modified dental anxiety scale and they were compared with each other. Statistical analysis: Student‟s „ t‟ test was used to compare the mean anxiety ratings and Pearson correlation test was done to correlate the anxiety levels of children. Results: In the age group of 3-6 years, drastic difference was observed in anxiety levels compared between picture and non picture tests, whereas moderate difference was observed among the age group of 7-10 years. Furthermore no difference was noted between anxiety levels of 11-14 years. 70% of the children reported picture scale was more convenient than non picture scale. Conclusion: This study suggests that picture scales may be more appropriate than the non-picture methodology in predicting dental anxiety in children.

Keywords: Corah?s dental anxiety scale, Dental Anxiety, Facial image scale, Modified dental anxiety scale, Venham picture test.

[Full Text Article]



  • New Issue Published

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Google Scholar Indian Science Publications InfoBase Index (In Process) SOCOLAR, China Research Bible, Fuchu, Tokyo. JAPAN International Society for Research activity (ISRA) Scientific Indexing Services (SIS) Polish Scholarly Bibliography Global Impact Factor (GIF) (Under Process) Universal Impact Factor International Scientific Indexing (ISI), UAE Index Copernicus CAS (A Division of American Chemical Society) USA (Under Process) Directory of Open Access Journal (DOAJ, Sweden, in process) UDLedge Science Citation Index CiteFactor Directory Of Research Journal Indexing (DRJI) Indian citation Index (ICI) Journal Index (JI, Under Process) Directory of abstract indexing for Journals (DAIJ) Open Access Journals (Under Process) Impact Factor Services For International Journals (IFSIJ) Cosmos Impact Factor Jour Informatics (Under Process) Eurasian Scientific Journal Index (ESJI) International Innovative Journal Impact Factor (IIJIF) Science Library Index, Dubai, United Arab Emirates Pubmed Database [NLM ID: 101669306] (Under Process) IP Indexing (Under Process)