EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF
PHARMACEUTICAL AND MEDICAL RESEARCH

An International Peer Reviewed Journal for Pharmaceutical, Medical & Biological Sciences

An Official Publication of Society for Advance Healthcare Research (Reg. No. : 01/01/01/31674/16)

European Journal of Pharmaceutical and Medical Research (EJPMR) has indexed with various reputed international bodies like : Google Scholar , Indian Science Publications , InfoBase Index (In Process) , SOCOLAR, China , Research Bible, Fuchu, Tokyo. JAPAN , International Society for Research activity (ISRA) , Scientific Indexing Services (SIS) , Polish Scholarly Bibliography , Global Impact Factor (GIF) (Under Process) , Universal Impact Factor , International Scientific Indexing (ISI), UAE  , Index Copernicus , CAS (A Division of American Chemical Society) USA (Under Process) , Directory of Open Access Journal (DOAJ, Sweden, in process) , UDLedge Science Citation Index , CiteFactor , Directory Of Research Journal Indexing (DRJI) , Indian citation Index (ICI) , Journal Index (JI, Under Process) , Directory of abstract indexing for Journals (DAIJ) , Open Access Journals (Under Process) , Impact Factor Services For International Journals (IFSIJ) , Cosmos Impact Factor , Jour Informatics (Under Process) , Eurasian Scientific Journal Index (ESJI) , International Innovative Journal Impact Factor (IIJIF) , Science Library Index, Dubai, United Arab Emirates , Pubmed Database [NLM ID: 101669306] (Under Process) , 

 ISSN 2394-3211

Impact Factor: 4.897

 ICV - 79.57

Abstract

A RARE VARIATION OF DOUBLE SUPERIOR THYROID ARTERY- A CADAVERIC STUDY

Dr. C. Subadha and *Dr. A. Thenmozhi

ABSTRACT

Background: Thyroid surgery is one of the major surgeries and quite often performed, a thorough knowledge of variations in the arterial supply to thyroid gland is very essential for surgeons to prevent alarming number of table deaths in patients with thyroid disease due to excessive and uncontrollable bleeding. Knowledge about the variations in the origin of superior thyroid artery and its branches are important for surgical procedures in the neck region, such as radical neck dissection and other neck surgeries. Materials and Method: 60 sides of the neck from the 30 formalin embalmbed cadavers on both sides (30 right and 30 left) were studied. Dissection method was employed for this study. The infrahyoid group of muscles were identified and reflected. The sternocleidomastoid muscle and superior belly of omohyoid were displaced laterally. The fascia was removed from the lobes of the thyroid gland exposing its arteries and veins and studied the origin of superior thyroid artery and its branches. Results: A rare variation of Double Superior Thyroid artery was observed in 3.3% of cases and the accessory superior thyroid artery originated in one specimen from the thyro-linguo-facial and the other specimen from thyro-lingual trunk, the main artery was from external carotid artery. Conclusion: From the present study it was concluded that the knowledge of variations of the superior thyroid artery can be used during thyroidectomy surgery and other surgical procedures in the neck region, where the ligation of all the thyroid vessels is highly essential to ensure proper homeostasis.

Keywords: Superior Thyroid Artery, external carotid artery, thyroid gland, thyroidectomy.


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Google Scholar Indian Science Publications InfoBase Index (In Process) SOCOLAR, China Research Bible, Fuchu, Tokyo. JAPAN International Society for Research activity (ISRA) Scientific Indexing Services (SIS) Polish Scholarly Bibliography Global Impact Factor (GIF) (Under Process) Universal Impact Factor International Scientific Indexing (ISI), UAE Index Copernicus CAS (A Division of American Chemical Society) USA (Under Process) Directory of Open Access Journal (DOAJ, Sweden, in process) UDLedge Science Citation Index CiteFactor Directory Of Research Journal Indexing (DRJI) Indian citation Index (ICI) Journal Index (JI, Under Process) Directory of abstract indexing for Journals (DAIJ) Open Access Journals (Under Process) Impact Factor Services For International Journals (IFSIJ) Cosmos Impact Factor Jour Informatics (Under Process) Eurasian Scientific Journal Index (ESJI) International Innovative Journal Impact Factor (IIJIF) Science Library Index, Dubai, United Arab Emirates Pubmed Database [NLM ID: 101669306] (Under Process)