OBESITY RELATED COMPLICATIONS IN CONCEPTION AND PREGNANCY
Obesity is the major health concern all around the globe. The aim of this study was determine the complications that are most commonly associated with the obesity during conception and pregnancy and to find out their treatments. Retrospective study was performed on 100 patients by collecting the data from respective patients from Lady Willingdon hospital Lahore and results were recorded in graphical manner. Results exhibited that obese women were less likely to conceive per cycle. Menstrual cycle disturbance were frequent and they were up to three times more likely to undergo oligo-anovulation, disturbances in hormonal levels and altered response to different pharmacological treatment. PCOS was another major complication in obese women that was leading infertility. In pregnancy, many adverse outcomes were associated with obesity including gestational diabetes, pregnancy induced hypertension, preeclampsia, cesarean section, infections, post partum hemorrhage, delivery of large babies in some still-birth and difficulty in assessing fetal presentations and growth in conventional way. Obese women of reproductive age should be counseled by health care provider about diet and physical activity in reproductive health prior to pregnancy, during pregnancy, and in the interconceptional period to avoid these complications.
Keywords: Body Mass Index, Pregnancy Complications, Infertility, Patient Counseling.
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