EVALUATION OF GOLDEN PROPORTION BETWEEN MAXILLARY ANTERIOR TEETH IN THE POPULATION OF ALIGARH, U.P., INDIA
Abhinav Gupta, Sabzar Abdullah, Afzal Admad and Pranshu Varshney*
Background: The need of cosmetic dentistry in this era is to make consonance proportions between the widths of maxillary anterior teeth when making the prosthesis to replace these teeth. The “golden proportion” is an important guideline introduced in cosmetic dentistry. Purpose: The objective of this study was to enquire into the existence of golden proportion between the widths of the maxillary anterior teeth in population of Aligarh, U.P. India. Materials and Methods: The clinical tooth width was measured using digital vernier caliper on 200 subjects including both males and females in the age group of 21 – 35 years. The data obtained was statistically analyzed using paired student t-test (α=0.05). Results: The golden proportion was found to exist only in 18.75% of the subjects when considering maxillary anterior teeth widths. The results revealed that golden proportion was inconsistent in terms of relative tooth width. Furthermore, the results revealed that golden percentage was rather constant in terms of relative tooth width. Central incisor represented 21%, lateral incisor 14% and canine 12% of the width of six maxillary anterior teeth, as viewed from the front. Conclusion: The golden proportion is an unsuitable method to relate the successive width of the maxillary anterior teeth in natural dentition. However, the golden percentage theory can be applied if percentages are adjusted, taking into consideration the ethnicity of the population of Aligarh.
Keywords: Golden Percentage, Golden Proportion, Recurring Esthetic Dental.
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