EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF
PHARMACEUTICAL AND MEDICAL RESEARCH

An International Peer Reviewed Journal for Pharmaceutical, Medical & Biological Sciences

An Official Publication of Society for Advance Healthcare Research (Reg. No. : 01/01/01/31674/16)

European Journal of Pharmaceutical and Medical Research (EJPMR) has indexed with various reputed international bodies like : Google Scholar , Indian Science Publications , InfoBase Index (In Process) , SOCOLAR, China , Research Bible, Fuchu, Tokyo. JAPAN , International Society for Research activity (ISRA) , Scientific Indexing Services (SIS) , Polish Scholarly Bibliography , Global Impact Factor (GIF) (Under Process) , Universal Impact Factor , International Scientific Indexing (ISI), UAE  , Index Copernicus , CAS (A Division of American Chemical Society) USA (Under Process) , Directory of Open Access Journal (DOAJ, Sweden, in process) , UDLedge Science Citation Index , CiteFactor , Directory Of Research Journal Indexing (DRJI) , Indian citation Index (ICI) , Journal Index (JI, Under Process) , Directory of abstract indexing for Journals (DAIJ) , Open Access Journals (Under Process) , Impact Factor Services For International Journals (IFSIJ) , Cosmos Impact Factor , Jour Informatics (Under Process) , Eurasian Scientific Journal Index (ESJI) , International Innovative Journal Impact Factor (IIJIF) , Science Library Index, Dubai, United Arab Emirates , Pubmed Database [NLM ID: 101669306] (Under Process) , 

 ISSN 2394-3211

Impact Factor: 4.897

 ICV - 79.57

Abstract

THE PROFILE OF ACUTE POISONING AND ENVENOMATIONS IN A TERTIARY HOSPITAL IN SOUTH-SOUTH NIGERIA- A 5 YEAR RETROSPECTIVE STUDY

Ayinbuomwan A. S.* and Isah A. O.

ABSTRACT

Acute poisoning is a medical emergency. It comprises injuries in which the toxic effects manifest almost immediately. This study profiled the cases of acute poisoning and envenomations presenting to the Adult Medical Emergency in a tertiary hospital in South -South, Nigeria. It is a retrospective, and descriptive study. This study was conducted between January 2013 and December 2017. A total number of 152 patients (acute poisoning 86, envenomations 66) were recorded during this study period. Those with a diagnosis of acute poisoning had more males (59, 68.6%) than females (27, 31.4%), with a male to female ratio of 2.2:1. The mean age (SD, range) age was 37.8 (18.2, 19-96) years. More than half of the cases of acute poisoning in this study were accidental (53, 61.6%). There were 66 cases of envenomations (92.4% snake, 7.6% scorpion); of these 36 (54.5%) were males while 30 (45.5%) were females, with a male to female ratio of 1.2:1. The mean age was 34.7 ± 12.6, with an age range of 18-83 years. Those between age group 18-40 years (young adults) constituted 62.1% of the victims. Pharmaceuticals were the most implicated among the acute poisonings (33, 38.5%), followed by alcohol (20, 23.3%). Pesticides and carbon monoxide poisoning were 13 (15.1%) and 4(4.7%) respectively. In conclusion, the findings in this study suggest a need for a more comprehensive health education and general public awareness on the risks and dangers of poisoning. Profiling of epidemiological data of acute poisoning by developing countries will enhance effective prevention and control of poisoning, thus decreasing morbidity and mortality.

Keywords: Acute poisoning, Envenomations, Nigeria.


[Full Text Article]

INDEXING

NEWS & UPDATION

  • New Issue Published

    Its Our pleasure to inform you that, EJPMR 1 June 2018 Issue has been Published, Kindly check it on http://www.ejpmr.com/home/current_issues

  • EJPMR JUNE ISSUE PUBLISHED

    JUNE 2018 Issue has been successfully launched on 1 June 2018

  • EJPMR New Impact Factor

    Its our Pleasure to Inform you that EJPMR Impact Factor has been increased from 4.161 to 4.897 due to high quality Publication at International Level

  • Index Copernicus Value

    EJPMR Received Index Copernicus Value 79.57, due to High Quality Publication in EJPMR at International Level

  • Journal web site support Internet Explorer, Google Chrome, Mozilla Firefox, Opera, Saffari for easy download of article without any trouble.

    .

  • Article Invited for Publication

    Article are invited for publication in EJPMR Coming Issue

Google Scholar Indian Science Publications InfoBase Index (In Process) SOCOLAR, China Research Bible, Fuchu, Tokyo. JAPAN International Society for Research activity (ISRA) Scientific Indexing Services (SIS) Polish Scholarly Bibliography Global Impact Factor (GIF) (Under Process) Universal Impact Factor International Scientific Indexing (ISI), UAE Index Copernicus CAS (A Division of American Chemical Society) USA (Under Process) Directory of Open Access Journal (DOAJ, Sweden, in process) UDLedge Science Citation Index CiteFactor Directory Of Research Journal Indexing (DRJI) Indian citation Index (ICI) Journal Index (JI, Under Process) Directory of abstract indexing for Journals (DAIJ) Open Access Journals (Under Process) Impact Factor Services For International Journals (IFSIJ) Cosmos Impact Factor Jour Informatics (Under Process) Eurasian Scientific Journal Index (ESJI) International Innovative Journal Impact Factor (IIJIF) Science Library Index, Dubai, United Arab Emirates Pubmed Database [NLM ID: 101669306] (Under Process)