EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF
PHARMACEUTICAL AND MEDICAL RESEARCH

An International Peer Reviewed Journal for Pharmaceutical, Medical & Biological Sciences

An Official Publication of Society for Advance Healthcare Research (Reg. No. : 01/01/01/31674/16)

European Journal of Pharmaceutical and Medical Research (EJPMR) has indexed with various reputed international bodies like : Google Scholar , Indian Science Publications , InfoBase Index (In Process) , SOCOLAR, China , Research Bible, Fuchu, Tokyo. JAPAN , International Society for Research activity (ISRA) , Scientific Indexing Services (SIS) , Polish Scholarly Bibliography , Global Impact Factor (GIF) (Under Process) , Universal Impact Factor , International Scientific Indexing (ISI), UAE  , Index Copernicus , CAS (A Division of American Chemical Society) USA (Under Process) , Directory of Open Access Journal (DOAJ, Sweden, in process) , UDLedge Science Citation Index , CiteFactor , Directory Of Research Journal Indexing (DRJI) , Indian citation Index (ICI) , Journal Index (JI, Under Process) , Directory of abstract indexing for Journals (DAIJ) , Open Access Journals (Under Process) , Impact Factor Services For International Journals (IFSIJ) , Cosmos Impact Factor , Jour Informatics (Under Process) , Eurasian Scientific Journal Index (ESJI) , International Innovative Journal Impact Factor (IIJIF) , Science Library Index, Dubai, United Arab Emirates , Pubmed Database [NLM ID: 101669306] (Under Process) , 

 ISSN 2394-3211

Impact Factor: 4.897

 ICV - 79.57

Abstract

HEALTH HAZARDS AND RISKS IN MANUAL SAND EXTRACTORS OF JEHLUM: A CROSS SECTIONAL SURVEY

G. H. Yatoo, Mubashar Mashqoor Mir*, Mohammad Sarwar Mir, Ghulam Mustafa Malik and Ruksana Hamid

ABSTRACT

Introduction: Boom in the construction sector worldwide has lead to increase in demand of raw materials including sand. The nature of work and working environment involved in manual sand extraction exposes the workers to many occupational hazards and risks. Aim: To study the health risks and occupational hazards involved in manual sand extraction from a river bed. Materials and Methods: A cross sectional study was conducted to identify various health risks and occupational hazards. A total of 50 manual sand extractors were recruited from one extraction site selected randomly on Jehlum River bed, Srinagar. Socio -Demographic Profile, Type and nature of work done and other data were collected using predesigned and pretested proforma. A detailed clinical history was taken and clinical examination was conducted. Results: The musculoskeletal pain and discomfort was prevalent in 84.0% of workers. Prevalence of eye complaints was 72.0% respectively. All the workers examined had skin problems. Inadequate personal protective devices and lack of social/employment schemes was there. Only 28% of the workers used any personnel protective measures. Conclusion: There was high prevalence of various health related issues in manual sand extraction workers.

Keywords: Occupational, Prevalence, Workers, Hazards, Sand.


[Full Text Article]

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Google Scholar Indian Science Publications InfoBase Index (In Process) SOCOLAR, China Research Bible, Fuchu, Tokyo. JAPAN International Society for Research activity (ISRA) Scientific Indexing Services (SIS) Polish Scholarly Bibliography Global Impact Factor (GIF) (Under Process) Universal Impact Factor International Scientific Indexing (ISI), UAE Index Copernicus CAS (A Division of American Chemical Society) USA (Under Process) Directory of Open Access Journal (DOAJ, Sweden, in process) UDLedge Science Citation Index CiteFactor Directory Of Research Journal Indexing (DRJI) Indian citation Index (ICI) Journal Index (JI, Under Process) Directory of abstract indexing for Journals (DAIJ) Open Access Journals (Under Process) Impact Factor Services For International Journals (IFSIJ) Cosmos Impact Factor Jour Informatics (Under Process) Eurasian Scientific Journal Index (ESJI) International Innovative Journal Impact Factor (IIJIF) Science Library Index, Dubai, United Arab Emirates Pubmed Database [NLM ID: 101669306] (Under Process)