An International Peer Reviewed Journal for Pharmaceutical, Medical & Biological Sciences

An Official Publication of Society for Advance Healthcare Research (Reg. No. : 01/01/01/31674/16)

European Journal of Pharmaceutical and Medical Research (EJPMR) has indexed with various reputed international bodies like : Google Scholar , Indian Science Publications , InfoBase Index (In Process) , SOCOLAR, China , Research Bible, Fuchu, Tokyo. JAPAN , International Society for Research activity (ISRA) , Scientific Indexing Services (SIS) , Polish Scholarly Bibliography , Global Impact Factor (GIF) (Under Process) , Universal Impact Factor , International Scientific Indexing (ISI), UAE  , Index Copernicus , CAS (A Division of American Chemical Society) USA (Under Process) , Directory of Open Access Journal (DOAJ, Sweden, in process) , UDLedge Science Citation Index , CiteFactor , Directory Of Research Journal Indexing (DRJI) , Indian citation Index (ICI) , Journal Index (JI, Under Process) , Directory of abstract indexing for Journals (DAIJ) , Open Access Journals (Under Process) , Impact Factor Services For International Journals (IFSIJ) , Cosmos Impact Factor , Jour Informatics (Under Process) , Eurasian Scientific Journal Index (ESJI) , International Innovative Journal Impact Factor (IIJIF) , Science Library Index, Dubai, United Arab Emirates , Pubmed Database [NLM ID: 101669306] (Under Process) , IP Indexing (Under Process) , 

 ISSN 2394-3211

Impact Factor: 4.897

 ICV - 79.57



Emeji Roseline*, Tamuno-Emine D. G. and Boisa N.


Garcinia kola seed (bitter kola) is used in traditional medicine for the treatment of various disorders, including hepatic disorders. The present study was aimed at evaluating efficacy of Garcinia kola seed in protecting rat liver against CCL4-induced liver injury. Biochemical parameters and histological structure were assessed and used as a measure of hepatoprotective potential. The experimental animals (15 male wistar albino rats) weighing between 100-120g were randomly divided into 3 groups. Each group comprised 5 rats and was labeled as group 1, 2 and 3. Group 1 (negative control) animals were administered saline orally daily for 6 weeks (1ml volume per kg body weight) while group 2 (CCL4group) animals were administered CCL4 mixed with olive oil as vehicle in 1:1 ratio (3ml/kg body weight). In case of hepatoprotective study (that is post treatment of rats) with extract of the herbal plants (500mg/kg daily for each herb; and 250mg/kg daily for the combination of herbal extracts) administered orally for 6 weeks decreased (P<0.05) CCL4-induced increased in concentrations of total serum protein, albumin total bilirubin, and conjugated bilirubin, and CCL4 induced increase activities of serum AST, ALT, ALP and GGT. Histological examination of the liver of CCL4–treated rats also administered the herbal extracts alone or in combination, showed less destruction of liver architecture in comparison to the group treated with CCL4 only. The results indicated that all the herbal extract investigated (bitter kola) had hepatoprotective effect against CCL4-induced liver injury when used either singly or in combination and this effect could be due to the phytochemicals present in the herbs.

Keywords: Protective Effects, Garcinia kola, CCl4 induced hepatoxicity, male Albino Rats.

[Full Text Article]



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Google Scholar Indian Science Publications InfoBase Index (In Process) SOCOLAR, China Research Bible, Fuchu, Tokyo. JAPAN International Society for Research activity (ISRA) Scientific Indexing Services (SIS) Polish Scholarly Bibliography Global Impact Factor (GIF) (Under Process) Universal Impact Factor International Scientific Indexing (ISI), UAE Index Copernicus CAS (A Division of American Chemical Society) USA (Under Process) Directory of Open Access Journal (DOAJ, Sweden, in process) UDLedge Science Citation Index CiteFactor Directory Of Research Journal Indexing (DRJI) Indian citation Index (ICI) Journal Index (JI, Under Process) Directory of abstract indexing for Journals (DAIJ) Open Access Journals (Under Process) Impact Factor Services For International Journals (IFSIJ) Cosmos Impact Factor Jour Informatics (Under Process) Eurasian Scientific Journal Index (ESJI) International Innovative Journal Impact Factor (IIJIF) Science Library Index, Dubai, United Arab Emirates Pubmed Database [NLM ID: 101669306] (Under Process) IP Indexing (Under Process)