PATTERN OF DRUG UTILIZATION OF ANTIHYPERTENSIVE DRUGS IN A TERTIARY CARE TEACHING HOSPITAL IN EASTERN UTTAR PRADESH, INDIA
Gupta Dharmender, Gairola Bikash* and Masuram Bharath
Background: Hypertension is the most common modifiable disease which can reduce the risk factor cardiovascular mortality and morbidity around the world. Objective: To study and analyze the prescribing pattern of antihypertensive drugs in a tertiary care teaching hospital in Shahjahanpur region. Materials and Methods: A cross-sectional study was carried out at the Outpatient department of medicine of Varunarjunmedical college and Rohailkhand hospital(VAMC&RH) in Shahjahanpur, a tertiary care teaching hospital, to access the prescription pattern of antihypertensive drugs during October 2017 to March 2018. Results: Overall 68.5% patients were on monotherapy while rest of the 31.5% on combination therapy. Calcium channel blockers (CCBs) 39.4% were the most commonly prescribed antihypertensive agent as monotherapy. Conclusion: In the present study, it was found that CCBs were the most commonly prescribed antihypertensive drug, followed by ARBs in monotherapy. Combination therapy was given according to associated risk factors and comorbid conditions.
Keywords: Prescribing Pattern; Monotherapy; Calcium Channel Blockers; Shahjahanpur, VAMC&RH.
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