PREVALENCE OF OSTEOPENIA AND OSTEOPOROSIS IN PEOPLE OF DIYALA PROVINCE BY USING QUANTITATIVE ULTRASOUND DEVICE OF OSTEOPRO TYPE
Dr. Mohammad Hadi Faris*
Purpose: The aim of study was to assess the prevalence of osteoporosis and changes in bone mass with increasing age and compare bone health status of apparently healthy men, premenopausal and postmenopausal women in diyala province. Methods: Data were collected according to questioners in 773 apparently healthy Iraqi adults (women = 736 men=37), 20->80 years of age, in a cross-sectional study in baquba city, Iraq. Bone mineral density (BMD) was measured by quantitative ultra sound device named osteo PRO at calcaneal bone. Individuals were classified as having osteoporosis or osteopenia based on the World Health Organization criteria of T-scores. Results the result showed that 80.466% had alteration in BMD while 95. 213% are female and 4. 787% are male gender osteoporosis was significant at age 51-60 [42. 456%] while osteopenia was significant at age 61-70 [29.970%]. Conclusion the osteoporosis was significant at 51-60 years age group while osteopenia was significant at 61-70 years, 97.193 % female are osteoporotic and 91 .395% are osteopenia a low T-score compared to age, gender indicates higher susceptibility to osteoporosis. In women, menopause causes a rapid decline in BMD. Therefore, both Iraqi men and postmenopausal women require adequate measures to prevent osteoporosis during later years in life.
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