COMPARISON BETWEEN RUTIN AND KAEMPFEROL CONTAIN IN ROOT AND LEA OF GLYCYRRHIZA GLABRA. L IN IRAQ
Zaid M. Abdul Khalik*, Sara. S. Mutar and Shireen M. Hammed
Glycyrrhiza glabra (family leguminosae), commonly known as licorice, is an herbaceous perennial and has been used as a flavoring agent in foods and medicinal remedies for thousands of years. Licorice root has been widely used around the world to treat a cough since ancient times, it contains active compounds, including glycyrrhizin, Glycyrrhetinic acid, flavonoids, isoflavonoids, chalcones, Glycyrrhizin and Glycyrrhetinic acid are considered to be the most active components and are potent inhibitors of cortisol metabolism, due to their steroid-like structures. The main types of flavonoid and compare amount between leaf and root significant part of Glycyrrhiza glabra. L. After drying, grinding, weighing, reflexes, rotary evaporator, wash with (hexane, n-butanol, and ethyl acetate), identification test, and HPTLC analysis, the result gives that root and leaf are rich in flavonoid (Rutin and Kaempferol) after comparing the result obtained suggested that root contain RUTIN and KAMPHEROL more than leaf extract.
Keywords: Glycyrrhiza glabra.L, leaf, root, rutin, kaempferol, HPTLC.
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