EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF
PHARMACEUTICAL AND MEDICAL RESEARCH

An International Peer Reviewed Journal for Pharmaceutical, Medical & Biological Sciences

An Official Publication of Society for Advance Healthcare Research (Reg. No. : 01/01/01/31674/16)

European Journal of Pharmaceutical and Medical Research (EJPMR) has indexed with various reputed international bodies like : Google Scholar , Indian Science Publications , InfoBase Index (In Process) , SOCOLAR, China , Research Bible, Fuchu, Tokyo. JAPAN , International Society for Research activity (ISRA) , Scientific Indexing Services (SIS) , Polish Scholarly Bibliography , Global Impact Factor (GIF) (Under Process) , Universal Impact Factor , International Scientific Indexing (ISI), UAE  , Index Copernicus , CAS (A Division of American Chemical Society) USA (Under Process) , Directory of Open Access Journal (DOAJ, Sweden, in process) , UDLedge Science Citation Index , CiteFactor , Directory Of Research Journal Indexing (DRJI) , Indian citation Index (ICI) , Journal Index (JI, Under Process) , Directory of abstract indexing for Journals (DAIJ) , Open Access Journals (Under Process) , Impact Factor Services For International Journals (IFSIJ) , Cosmos Impact Factor , Jour Informatics (Under Process) , Eurasian Scientific Journal Index (ESJI) , International Innovative Journal Impact Factor (IIJIF) , Science Library Index, Dubai, United Arab Emirates , Pubmed Database [NLM ID: 101669306] (Under Process) , IP Indexing (Under Process) , 

 ISSN 2394-3211

Impact Factor: 4.897

 ICV - 79.57

Abstract

OCCURRENCE AND ANTIBIOTIC RESISTANT PHENOTYPES OF STAPHYLOCOCCUS AUREUS ISOLATED FROM SOME HOSPITAL ENVIRONMENTS IN NASARAWA TOWN, NASARAWA STATE, NIGERIA

Aliyu Y.*, Jibril U. Y., Jibrin S. M. and Salawu E. M.

ABSTRACT

This work was aimed at determining the occurrence and antibiogram of Staphylococcus aureus isolated from some hospital environments in Nasarawa town, Nasarawa State, Nigeria. Out of the 160 swab samples collected in this study, 52 were positive for S. aureus with an overall prevalence rate of 32.56%. Out of these, 28 positive samples were obtained from Henad Medical Centre, 16 positive samples from Alpha Hospital, and 8 positive samples from the Polytechnic Clinic. The prevalence rate for Henad Medical Centre was 40.0%, it was 26.76% for both Alpha Hospital and the Polytechnic Clinic respectively. The Henad Medical Centre was observed to have had a higher prevalence of the bacterium than Alpha Hospital and the Polytechnic Clinic. This may not be unconnected with the number of samples collected from this healthcare centre. A relatively larger sample size (70) was collected from Henad Medical Centre compared to the 60 and 30 samples collected from Alpha Hospital and the Polytechnic Clinic respectively. This was based on the number of patients that visits the three hospitals to seek medical attention. The antibiotic susceptibility profile of the isolates indicate that, majority of them were highly susceptible to ciprofloxacin, gentamicin, rifampicin, chloramphenicol, and levofloxacin. The isolates were observed to have developed high resistance to amoxil, ampiclox, and erythromycin. Eight (8) antibiotic resistance phenotypes were observed with varying combinations of 2,3, and 4 antibiotics. All the isolates had multiple antibiotics resistance (MAR) index of 0.2 and above.

Keywords: Staphylococcus aureus, hospital environments, antibiogram, Nasarawa town, Nigeria.


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Google Scholar Indian Science Publications InfoBase Index (In Process) SOCOLAR, China Research Bible, Fuchu, Tokyo. JAPAN International Society for Research activity (ISRA) Scientific Indexing Services (SIS) Polish Scholarly Bibliography Global Impact Factor (GIF) (Under Process) Universal Impact Factor International Scientific Indexing (ISI), UAE Index Copernicus CAS (A Division of American Chemical Society) USA (Under Process) Directory of Open Access Journal (DOAJ, Sweden, in process) UDLedge Science Citation Index CiteFactor Directory Of Research Journal Indexing (DRJI) Indian citation Index (ICI) Journal Index (JI, Under Process) Directory of abstract indexing for Journals (DAIJ) Open Access Journals (Under Process) Impact Factor Services For International Journals (IFSIJ) Cosmos Impact Factor Jour Informatics (Under Process) Eurasian Scientific Journal Index (ESJI) International Innovative Journal Impact Factor (IIJIF) Science Library Index, Dubai, United Arab Emirates Pubmed Database [NLM ID: 101669306] (Under Process) IP Indexing (Under Process)