TREATMENT PATTERN IN CHILDREN ADMITTED FOR RTI IN PAEDIATRICS DEPARTMENT OF MIMS, MANDYA
Blessy David*, Athul Raj, Binu Francis and A. Vikneswari
Background: Respiratory tract infections are the main cause of children’s morbidity and mortality both in the developing and developed countries. Emergence of newer pathogenic organism, reemergence of disease previously controlled, and widespread antibiotic resistance are the major cause of RTI globally. LRTI are generally more serious than upper respiratory tract infections. It is an important problem to the society. Pediatric populations are prone to suffer from recurrent infections of respiratory tract. WHO recognized respiratory tract infections as the second important cause of death for childrens under five years in 2010. Objectives: This was a record based prospective study with the aim to describe the treatment modalities to those children admitted for Respiratory Tract Infection. Method: The study has been conducted on male and female patients who were satisfying the inclusion criteria. A suitably designed patient profile was used to collect required information. Result: A total of 150 patients were analyzed in our study. Out of that 88 were males and 62 were females. A total of 988 drugs were prescribed, in that most patients were given parenteral route 472(47.77%) of administration and the most preferred dosage form by physicians was injectables 452(45.74%). Out of 150 patients, Antibiotics 137(91.33%)were the most prescribed class of drugs. 104(39.84%)group of aminoglycoside were the most frequently prescribed antibiotics. Out of 261 antibiotics prescribed 214 were given as twice a day. Conclusion: Amoxiclav was the highly prescribed drug among the antibiotics. The antibiotics were mostly prescribed as twice a day. Antibiotic was the highly prescribed class.
Keywords: Paediatric RTI, Prospective, Treatment modalities, MIMS Teaching Hospital.
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