“COMPARATIVE EFFICACY OF TRANSCUTANEOUS ELECTRICAL NERVE STIMULATION [TENS] AND PENDULAR EXERCISES V/S ULTRA SOUND AND RHYTHMIC STABILIZATION IN CLINICALLY DIAGNOSED FROZEN SHOULDER [ADHESIVE CAPSULITIS] USING SPADI SCALE.”A RANDOM STUDY
Dr. Siddaram N. Patil, *Dr. Bugatha Ramya Sudha, Dr. D. Sidharth
Frozen shoulder was first identified as a distinct clinical entity by Duplay in 1872. Codman first used the term "frozen shoulder" in 1930.[11,12,14,15] In 1945, Naviesar coined the term “Adhesive Capsulitis ”.[11,12,14] Adhesive Capsulitis, also known as frozen shoulder, is one of the most frequent pathologies in the middle-aged population. Frozen shoulder” diagnosis has been used for many years in describing shoulder pain and limited range of motion, and was originally thought to be “periarthritis.”Adhesive Capsulitis is characterized by pain, stiffness, and limited function of the glenohumeral joint, which adversely affects the entire upper extremity. The most common limitations in range of motion are flexion, abduction, and external rotation. Approximately 70% of frozen shoulder patients are women.
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