ASSESSMENT OF ENVIRONMENTAL MANAGEMENT FOR CONTROLLING MALARIA IN NYALA SOUTH DARFUR MAY 2018
Ekram Adam Eldoom*, Ahmed Haroun Ali and Abu Obieda Osman Alameen
Introduction: Environmental management has brought important achievements in malaria control and overall improvements of health conditions. Environmental conditions play an important role in the transmission of malaria; therefore, regulating these conditions can help to reduce disease burden. Methodology: Retrospective-cross sectional study was carried out to assess environmental management as method of Malaria control in Nyala, South Darfur State between the of period January, 2017 to April, 2018. Results: 32.3% of respondents were used to clean the environment and vegetation around their home to reduce mosquito population, 46.7% of respondents used to remove and filling breeding place of Mosquito as method of environmental management and also 42.2% used to drainage the stagnant water Discussion: The study revealed that the prevalence in health facilities mainly were located near Nyala valley where there were high abundance of Mosquito due to availability of breeding sites. The study showed that the environmental management methods such as cleaning environment and vegetation around the home (32.3%) as well as drainage stagnant water (27.4%) for reducing Mosquito population. Conclusion: The environmental management of vector is very effective and participation of community supports it, this clearly appears in this study.
Keywords: Environmental management, drains, surveillance, vegetation, vector.
[Full Text Article]