An International Peer Reviewed Journal for Pharmaceutical, Medical & Biological Sciences

An Official Publication of Society for Advance Healthcare Research (Reg. No. : 01/01/01/31674/16)

European Journal of Pharmaceutical and Medical Research (EJPMR) has indexed with various reputed international bodies like : Google Scholar , Indian Science Publications , InfoBase Index (In Process) , SOCOLAR, China , Research Bible, Fuchu, Tokyo. JAPAN , International Society for Research activity (ISRA) , Scientific Indexing Services (SIS) , Polish Scholarly Bibliography , Global Impact Factor (GIF) (Under Process) , Universal Impact Factor , International Scientific Indexing (ISI), UAE  , Index Copernicus , CAS (A Division of American Chemical Society) USA (Under Process) , Directory of Open Access Journal (DOAJ, Sweden, in process) , UDLedge Science Citation Index , CiteFactor , Directory Of Research Journal Indexing (DRJI) , Indian citation Index (ICI) , Journal Index (JI, Under Process) , Directory of abstract indexing for Journals (DAIJ) , Open Access Journals (Under Process) , Impact Factor Services For International Journals (IFSIJ) , Cosmos Impact Factor , Jour Informatics (Under Process) , Eurasian Scientific Journal Index (ESJI) , International Innovative Journal Impact Factor (IIJIF) , Science Library Index, Dubai, United Arab Emirates , Pubmed Database [NLM ID: 101669306] (Under Process) , IP Indexing (Under Process) , 

 ISSN 2394-3211

Impact Factor: 4.897

 ICV - 79.57



Amala Smart Enoch* and Monsi Tombari Pius


Aims: To determine the bacterial associated with sharing of hand-washing bowls and water in public eateries. Study Area: This study was performed in six restaurants located around Rivers State University, in Port Harcourt Local Government Area, Rivers State, Nigeria. Methodology: The samples were collected by swabbing the bowl (Nsw) directly, the stored water (Nso), after rinsing of hand (Nri), and after hand-washing (Nwa) and were cultured on nutrient agar incubated at 37ºC for 18 to 24 hours. Colony counts were done and the percentages of bacteria isolated were determined. Bacteria isolated were identified using morphological, cultural, chemical and biochemical tests. Results: The percentage occurrences of bacteria isolated from the four sources examined were: Staphylococcus aureus 9 (20.5%) Escherichia coli 11 (25.0%) Bacillus sp 10 (22.7%) Klebsiella sp 10 (22.7%) and coagulase negative Staphylococci sp 4 (9.1%). The most predominant bacteria isolated were E. coli followed by Klebsiella sp and Bacillus sp, then S. aureus and coagulase negative Staphylococci sp. These bacteria were isolated from all the four sources examined. Conclusion: Normal flora and potentially pathogenic microorganism are associated with the use of same bowl in public eateries. This could serve as a medium of transfer of these bacteria from one person to another.

Keywords: Public restaurant, Normal flora, Hand washing, Water.

[Full Text Article]



  • New Issue Published

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Google Scholar Indian Science Publications InfoBase Index (In Process) SOCOLAR, China Research Bible, Fuchu, Tokyo. JAPAN International Society for Research activity (ISRA) Scientific Indexing Services (SIS) Polish Scholarly Bibliography Global Impact Factor (GIF) (Under Process) Universal Impact Factor International Scientific Indexing (ISI), UAE Index Copernicus CAS (A Division of American Chemical Society) USA (Under Process) Directory of Open Access Journal (DOAJ, Sweden, in process) UDLedge Science Citation Index CiteFactor Directory Of Research Journal Indexing (DRJI) Indian citation Index (ICI) Journal Index (JI, Under Process) Directory of abstract indexing for Journals (DAIJ) Open Access Journals (Under Process) Impact Factor Services For International Journals (IFSIJ) Cosmos Impact Factor Jour Informatics (Under Process) Eurasian Scientific Journal Index (ESJI) International Innovative Journal Impact Factor (IIJIF) Science Library Index, Dubai, United Arab Emirates Pubmed Database [NLM ID: 101669306] (Under Process) IP Indexing (Under Process)