EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF
PHARMACEUTICAL AND MEDICAL RESEARCH

An International Peer Reviewed Journal for Pharmaceutical, Medical & Biological Sciences

An Official Publication of Society for Advance Healthcare Research (Reg. No. : 01/01/01/31674/16)

European Journal of Pharmaceutical and Medical Research (EJPMR) has indexed with various reputed international bodies like : Google Scholar , Indian Science Publications , InfoBase Index (In Process) , SOCOLAR, China , Research Bible, Fuchu, Tokyo. JAPAN , International Society for Research activity (ISRA) , Scientific Indexing Services (SIS) , Polish Scholarly Bibliography , Global Impact Factor (GIF) (Under Process) , Universal Impact Factor , International Scientific Indexing (ISI), UAE  , Index Copernicus , CAS (A Division of American Chemical Society) USA (Under Process) , Directory of Open Access Journal (DOAJ, Sweden, in process) , UDLedge Science Citation Index , CiteFactor , Directory Of Research Journal Indexing (DRJI) , Indian citation Index (ICI) , Journal Index (JI, Under Process) , Directory of abstract indexing for Journals (DAIJ) , Open Access Journals (Under Process) , Impact Factor Services For International Journals (IFSIJ) , Cosmos Impact Factor , Jour Informatics (Under Process) , Eurasian Scientific Journal Index (ESJI) , International Innovative Journal Impact Factor (IIJIF) , Science Library Index, Dubai, United Arab Emirates , Pubmed Database [NLM ID: 101669306] (Under Process) , IP Indexing (Under Process) , 

 ISSN 2394-3211

Impact Factor: 4.897

 ICV - 79.57

Abstract

CEPHALOMETRIC COMPARISON OF OBSTRUCTIVE SLEEP APNEA PATIENTS AND HEALTHY CONTROLS

Dr. Mudasir Khan, Dr. Nazia Lone and Dr. Ifzah Usman*

ABSTRACT

Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) is a condition which induces an unnatural and unusual increase in upper-airway resistance. Lateral cephalography is a useful tool to evaluate skeletal and soft tissue characteristics of patients with OSA. This study was undertaken to compare the cephalometric characteristics of OSA patients with healthy subjects and determine possible relationships between cephalometric measurements of OSA patients and control subjects. METHOD: 18 OSA patients (10 men and 8 women) with age range from 20 to 55 years and 18 healthy subjects (10 men and 8 women) with age range from 30 to 57 years were selected for this study. Standardized lateral cephalometric radiographs were taken for patients in both the groups. RESULTS: SNA, SNB, and mandibular plane angles (Go-Gn-SN), anterior and posterior facial heights, and postero-anterior face height ratio were similar in both groups (P>.05). The distance between the hyoid and mandible was significantly greater in the OSA group than in the control group. DISCUSSION: In OSA patients, the hyoid bone was more inferiorly placed. OSA patients had reduced midface length which may cause a reduction of space available for the airway. The choice for the cephalometric analysis used in this study was due to its large use in radiological and orthodontic clinics and for it embraces measures in all regions susceptible to obstruction.

Keywords: Cephalography, postero-anterior.


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Google Scholar Indian Science Publications InfoBase Index (In Process) SOCOLAR, China Research Bible, Fuchu, Tokyo. JAPAN International Society for Research activity (ISRA) Scientific Indexing Services (SIS) Polish Scholarly Bibliography Global Impact Factor (GIF) (Under Process) Universal Impact Factor International Scientific Indexing (ISI), UAE Index Copernicus CAS (A Division of American Chemical Society) USA (Under Process) Directory of Open Access Journal (DOAJ, Sweden, in process) UDLedge Science Citation Index CiteFactor Directory Of Research Journal Indexing (DRJI) Indian citation Index (ICI) Journal Index (JI, Under Process) Directory of abstract indexing for Journals (DAIJ) Open Access Journals (Under Process) Impact Factor Services For International Journals (IFSIJ) Cosmos Impact Factor Jour Informatics (Under Process) Eurasian Scientific Journal Index (ESJI) International Innovative Journal Impact Factor (IIJIF) Science Library Index, Dubai, United Arab Emirates Pubmed Database [NLM ID: 101669306] (Under Process) IP Indexing (Under Process)