ANTIOXIDANT ACTIVITY OF DIFFERENT VARIETIES OF TERMINALIA CATAPPA
Farzana Tasneem M. I.* and Narsegowda P. N.
Terminalia catappa, an ornamental tropical tree belonging from the family Combretaceae which is native to Southeast Asia, commonly known as Tropical almond. The bark of the tree is used to cure fever and has diaphoretic, anti-indigestion, hepatoprotective, antiperoxidation, antisickling, anti-dysentery, antibacterial, antifungal, analgesic, anticolic, antihyperanalgesic and anti-inflammatory properties. The leaves are used in the preparation of ointments to cure for scabies, leprosy and cutaneous diseases. The two varieties of plants were collected from Bangalore. The methanol extract of leaf was evaluated for qualitative phytochemical analysis, which showed the presence of phenol, flavonoid, tannin, steroid and alkaloid.The secondary metabolites such as phenol and flavonoids were analyzed quantitatively. The radical scavenging potential of methanol leaf extract of 2 different varieties Terminalia catappa of showing remarkable effect with the IC50 value ranged from 3.54- 5.52Î¼g/ml which was comparable with standard. The result suggest that the tree has potential for the excellent source to formulate the herbal medicine.
Keywords: Antioxidant, Terminalia catappa, DPPH, Phenol, Flavonoid.
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