COMPARISON OF SOFT TISSUE CHANGES IN EXTRACTION VERSUS NON EXTRACTION ORTHODONTIC CASES
Dr. Mudasir Khan, Dr. Nazia Lone and Dr. Ifzah Usman*
The extraction versus non-extraction controversy is the oldest as well as the most enduring controversy and still
remains a topic of debate in the field of orthodontics. Facial appearance of an individual governs the decision to
extract teeth as a part of orthodontic treatment. Angle (1907) was the pioneer to describe normal occlusion and
classify malocclusion. He was influenced by the biologic concept of his time, emphasizing the perfectibility of
man, therefore extraction of teeth for orthodontic purposes seemed inappropriate, because man was thought to be
inherently capable of having a perfect dentition; thus extraction of teeth was rare in the early 20th century.
However after occlusion was found to be much stable in a few cases that were previously treated without
extraction, the extraction controversy started and still continues. This study was undertaken to assess the changes
in soft tissues after orthodontic treatment in patients treated with and without extraction.
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