ASSESSMENT OF SERUM ZINC, CALCIUM AND MAGNESIUM AMONG SUDANESE PATIENTS WITH SENILE CATARACT IN KHARTOUM STATE - SUDAN
Rehab O. M. Altouhami, Alneil M. Hamza and Abdalla E. Ali*
Background: Senile cataract is a vision-impairing disease caused by age, and it is characterized by the gradual progressive thickening of the lens in the eye. The purpose of the study was to assess the serum level of Zinc, Magnesium and Calcium in senile cataract patients. Material and methods: Ninety four individuals classified into two groups, 50 as case group and 44 as healthy individuals as control group. Atomic absorption spectroscopy was used to measured serum Zinc, Calcium and magnesium. Results: Means of serum Calcium, Magnesium and Zinc levels in patient with senile cataract were 7.82±1.98mg/dL, 1.31±0.41 mg/L and 0.27±0.04 mg/L respectively, this study revealed that there were significant differences in serum Zinc levels, Magnesium levels, between case and control p value (0.00, and 0.017) respectively; But insignificant differences in serum Calcium levels p value (0.16). Conclusion: The study findings that decrease of serum zinc and magnesium levels were play a role in developmental mechanism of the senile cataract or cataract risk factors.
Keywords: Senile, Cataract, Zinc, Magnesium, Calcium.
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