A STUDY ON KNOWLEDGE AND ATTITUDE OF ADOLESCENTS ABOUT SUBSTANCE ABUSE
Chaube D.* and Rawat A.
Introduction: Substance abuse is now a global problem with young adolescent being the easy targets. The aim of
the current study is to evaluate the knowledge and attitude of boy students toward substance abuse in small town
and nearby villages situated in north India. Thus, the interventions, which are effective for adolescents in the
specific area, could be identified. Methods: This study was carried out in 2017 in Roorkee town and nearby villages in
state of Uttarakhand, India. The sample of study consisted of 450 boy students in higher secondary schools. Substance
abuse is negligible in girl students in the study area. Inclusion of girl students would have lead to mistaken
conclusions about substance abuse in student‟s category. The research tool was a questionnaire designed on the basis of
UN guidelines, which were filled out by the students. The data obtained was analyzed for understanding knowledge and
attitude of students. Results: Among 450students who filled out the questionnaire, 55.6% were from urban area and
44.4% from rural area. Knowledge level of boy students about substance abuse and particularly their adverse effects
is high and similar both in urban and rural areas. Friends and teachers are considered as most common source of
knowledge. Seeking pleasure and family conflict are the single important factor for substance abuse by students in
urban area whereas substance abuse in family is the main factor for substance abuse by students in rural area.
51.4% of the students in rural area and 35.4 % of students in urban area intended to quit but did not try.34.2% of
rural students and 43.7% of students in urban area had quit the habit but again started. Conclusion: With respect to
the results obtained, promoting the knowledge and modifying the attitude of students, and increasing their selfconfidence
in schools can play an important role in decreasing substance abuse in students.
Keywords: Substance Abuse, Students, Age 14-18 Years, Knowledge, Attitude.
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