IDENTIFICATION OF RISK FACTORS IN MUSCULOSKELETAL DISORDERS IN WORKERS IN AN INDUSTRY IN AHMEDNAGAR DISTRICT, MAHARASHTRA
Dr. Sneha Chordiya* and Dr. Nitin Nikhade
Introduction: The workers in industrial sector are affected by Musculoskeletal disorders, which is a very important occupational hazard. The present study was undertaken to identify risk factors related to musculoskeletal disorders in workers of Larsen and Tubro Ltd. (Automation & Electrical) industry at Ahmednagar. Methodology: This cross sectional observational study was carried out in 60 workers of the Adon Block department workers of Larsen & Toubro (Electrical & Automation) Industry, Ahmednagar. Ethical clearance was obtained from Institutional ethical committee, PDVVPF College of Physiotherapy. Written Informed consent was taken from all the participants. Pre structured occupational Performa was filled by asking questions in workerâ€™s local language. The Nordic pain Questionnaire was filled by asking the subjects to mark the sites of pain on body chart paper. The risk factors for work related musculoskeletal problems were assessed by working posture of workers and repetitive movements in industrial set up. Results: In the present study, 60 workers were selected, of which number of females were 39 (65%) while males were 21 (35%). The Neck (20.2%) followed by shoulder (14.9%), elbow (14.4%) and knee (14.4%) were most commonly involved. There was statistically significant variation in the number of workers involved according to the posture (sitting vs standing) and part of MSK system involved. Conclusion: The WMSDâ€™s are common in Larsen & Toubro Companyâ€™s Adon block department workers. The posture of the workers is directly correlated with part of Musculoskeletal system involved. The musculoskeletal disorder affects workers irrespective of gender and duration of disorder.
Keywords: Musculoskeletal disorders, occupational hazard.
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