SENSITIVITY PATTERN TO COMMON INHALANT ALLERGENS IN SUBJECTS WITH ALLERGIC RHINITIS IN KERALA
Dhanya E. K. DNB, Rajesh V. MD, *Dr. Jolsana Augustine DNB, Divya R. MD, Dr. Melcy Cleetus, Mrs Suramya A S
The global prevalence of allergic diseases is on the rise with similar trends being observed in India also. Estimates
reveal that over 20% of the world’s population suffers from one or more IgE mediated allergic disease. The vast
majority of allergic states can be diagnosed by eliciting a detailed history and focused physical examination; other
appropriate laboratory tests have adjunctive and corroborative role. The definitive diagnosis of allergy requires
identification of the culprit allergen and demonstration of temporal relationship between allergen exposure to
symptom onset. The crucial test for the diagnosis of immunoglobulin E (IgE) mediated allergy is skin prick test
(SPT). A positive SPT indicates sensitisation to tested allergen. In the present study, we describe the sensitisation
pattern to common aeroallergens in subjects with allergic rhinitis and their correlation with disease severity.
Keywords: Allergic rhinitis, skin prick test, aeroallergens, dust mite sensitisation, mold sensitivity.
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