PREVALENCE OF ORTHODONTIC ANOMALIES IN INTELLECTUALLY DISABLED PATIENTS IN A TERTIARY CARE HOSPITAL IN INDIA
Dr. Navneet Kaur Bhatia*, Dr. Navleen Kaur Bhatia and Dr. Rajiv Ahluwalia
About 3% of all children across the world are â€œspecial.â€ Several studies reported that malocclusion is more common in intellectually disabled individuals compared to the general population. Malocclusion plays an important role in the overall oral health as it is associated with periodontal disease, temporo-mandibular disorders, and may be complicated by an individualâ€Ÿs disability. Although the epidemiology of malocclusion is extensively studied in mentally disabled individuals worldwide, there is scarce data regarding the same from India. Asdaghi Mamaghani et al. 2008 stated that children with special needs normally undergo dental examination at an older age. Care offered by health professionals is integral and multidisciplinary in encouraging parents/guardians to seek dental care for younger children, when preventive procedures and education are still possible.
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