PREVALENCE OF TRICHOMONAS VAGINALIS AMONG PREGNANT WOMEN ATTENDING ANTENATAL CARE (ANC), MARYAM ABACHA WOMEN AND CHILDREN HOSPITAL, SOKOTO, NIGERIA
*Lema S. Y., Suleiman J., Rabi’atu M. S. A’isha U. and Yakubu, M. S.
The study was carryout to investigate the prevalence of Trichomonas vaginalis among pregnant women attending antenatal care (ANC) at Maryam Abacha Women and Children Hospital, Sokoto. Urine samples were collected from 200 pregnant women with their consent after receiving of ethical consideration then examined using wet mount method. The result showed that 34(17.00%) were positive with T. vaginalis. It was found that, < 20 years age group had highest prevalence rate of 26.19% (42) followed by 21-25 years age group with 25.00% (13), then 26-30 years age group had 12.50% (40) while 31-35 years old had infection rate of 11.76% (4) and > 36 years old had lowest prevalence rate of 1 (4.55%). Statistically, there was no significant association (p>0.05). Similarly based on the gestation period those pregnant women in first trimester were found mostly infected with prevalence rate of 30.99% (22) followed by those in second trimester 20.00% (11) while those in third trimester had lowest prevalence rate of 1.35% (1). Statistically significant association was not observed (p>0.05). According to locality of the pregnant women, it was reported that, those women from rural area had highest infection rate of 28.00% (25) followed by those from urban area had infection rate of 7.4% (9), however, no significant association observed based on the locality of the women (p>0.05). In conclusion, the need for measures to control the spread of the disease through personal hygiene and other promiscuous acts and treatment with appropriate drugs is required among the women attending antenatal care in the study area.
Keywords: Prevalence, Trichomonas vaginalis, Women, Antenatal Care; Hospital.
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