EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF
PHARMACEUTICAL AND MEDICAL RESEARCH

An International Peer Reviewed Journal for Pharmaceutical, Medical & Biological Sciences

An Official Publication of Society for Advance Healthcare Research (Reg. No. : 01/01/01/31674/16)

European Journal of Pharmaceutical and Medical Research (EJPMR) has indexed with various reputed international bodies like : Google Scholar , Indian Science Publications , InfoBase Index (In Process) , SOCOLAR, China , Research Bible, Fuchu, Tokyo. JAPAN , International Society for Research activity (ISRA) , Scientific Indexing Services (SIS) , Polish Scholarly Bibliography , Global Impact Factor (GIF) (Under Process) , Universal Impact Factor , International Scientific Indexing (ISI), UAE  , Index Copernicus , CAS (A Division of American Chemical Society) USA (Under Process) , Directory of Open Access Journal (DOAJ, Sweden, in process) , UDLedge Science Citation Index , CiteFactor , Directory Of Research Journal Indexing (DRJI) , Indian citation Index (ICI) , Journal Index (JI, Under Process) , Directory of abstract indexing for Journals (DAIJ) , Open Access Journals (Under Process) , Impact Factor Services For International Journals (IFSIJ) , Cosmos Impact Factor , Jour Informatics (Under Process) , Eurasian Scientific Journal Index (ESJI) , International Innovative Journal Impact Factor (IIJIF) , Science Library Index, Dubai, United Arab Emirates , Pubmed Database [NLM ID: 101669306] (Under Process) , IP Indexing (Under Process) , 

 ISSN 2394-3211

Impact Factor: 4.897

 ICV - 79.57

Abstract

UNDERNUTRITION AND ITS DETERMINANTS AMONG CHILDREN IN SEBETA PERI-URBAN AREAS, OROMIA SPECIAL ZONE SURROUNDING ADDIS ABABA, ETHIOPIA

*Abebe Haile and Zeritu Nigussa

ABSTRACT

Child undernutrition is one of the most serious public health problems in Ethiopia. Hence, the study was aimed to assess the prevalence of undernutrition (stunting, wasting and underweight) and identify the major associated factors of nutritional status of under-five children in Sebeta Peri-urban areas of Oromia Special Zone Surrounding Addis Ababa, Ethiopia. A community based cross-sectional study was conducted to collect data by using structured questionnaires and anthropometric measurement from participaters of 368 households. The data was analysed using SPSS version 20 and anthropometric measurements were converted into Z-scores by WHO Anthro version 3.2.2. The findings of the analysis indicated that about 30.2%, 27.5% and 13.1% of the under-five children in the study area were stunted, underweight and wasted, respectively. In order to investigate the determinants of child undernutrition Bivariate and Multivariate logistic regression models were applied. The result of multivariate logistic regression model revealed that female children were more affected by stunting problem compered to male children. In addition to this, maternal education was negatively associated with stunting; while, age of child, lack of farm land, and diahrrea occurrence were found to be positively associated with stunting. Whereas, mother’s height, mother’s BMI, household’s average monthly income, no exposure to urban waste disposal were negatively associated with underweight. Where as, lack of adequate information on child care, age of child and diarrhea occurrence were positively associated with underweight among under five children. The positive predictors or determinants of wasting were number of under-five children in the household, lack of adequate information on child care, lack of colustrums feeding (immediately within the first three to four days after birth) and exposure to urban waste disposal.The study area child undernutrition was high which needs timely malti-sectoral intervention by concerned governmental and non-governmental organizations.

Keywords: Undernutrition, Peri-urban, Under-five, Prevalence, Determinants, BMI.


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Google Scholar Indian Science Publications InfoBase Index (In Process) SOCOLAR, China Research Bible, Fuchu, Tokyo. JAPAN International Society for Research activity (ISRA) Scientific Indexing Services (SIS) Polish Scholarly Bibliography Global Impact Factor (GIF) (Under Process) Universal Impact Factor International Scientific Indexing (ISI), UAE Index Copernicus CAS (A Division of American Chemical Society) USA (Under Process) Directory of Open Access Journal (DOAJ, Sweden, in process) UDLedge Science Citation Index CiteFactor Directory Of Research Journal Indexing (DRJI) Indian citation Index (ICI) Journal Index (JI, Under Process) Directory of abstract indexing for Journals (DAIJ) Open Access Journals (Under Process) Impact Factor Services For International Journals (IFSIJ) Cosmos Impact Factor Jour Informatics (Under Process) Eurasian Scientific Journal Index (ESJI) International Innovative Journal Impact Factor (IIJIF) Science Library Index, Dubai, United Arab Emirates Pubmed Database [NLM ID: 101669306] (Under Process) IP Indexing (Under Process)