RECURRENCE OF CERVICAL CANCER, RISK FACTORS
Hilola U. Ortikova* and Mirdjalol D. Djuraev
Annually more than 529.800 new patients with cervical cancer (CC) are registered in the world. The given pathology remains relevant and one of the intractable problems in view of the fact that morbidity and mortality rates throughout the world are high, which is a characteristic feature in developing countries. It should be noted that there are territorial differences and peculiarities, which require new approaches to systematization in the study of the main risk factors for development or relapse, which encourage the scientists from all countries to study the complex processes of carcinogenesis. According to statistics in the Russian Federation in the structure among all malignant neoplasms (MN), the incidence of CC is on the 5th place (5.3%), and mortality is on the 7th (5.3%), at that, the disease is in the 2nd rank among oncogynecological pathology. Should be noted that the majority of patients are admitted to specialized clinics with advanced forms (III, IV stage), which are determined in 37.9% of cases of patients. As for statistics of the CIS countries, the number of newly diagnosed women with CC amounted to 16917 new cases in 2016. In relation to 2007 the increase in the absolute number of cases was 12.2%. In the structure of MN cases among female population, this pathology was in the 5th place in Russia (5.3%), in the 4th –in Belarus (4.4%); in the 3rd -in Armenia (6.7%), 2nd- in Kazakhstan (9.2%), in Kyrgyzstan (15.5%) and in Azerbaijan - (7.7%). Dynamics of CC percentage in the structure of cancer incidence of female population in Russia was stable.
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