ANALYSIS OF DIFFERENT TYPES OF INJURIES AND FRACTURES DURING ACCIDENTS IN ORTHOPEDIC UNIT OF TERTIARY CARE HOSPITAL, LAHORE
Fatima Niazi, Prof. Dr. Syed Muhammad Awais (SI), Kiran Nazeer and Saba Riaz*
Objective The purpose of study was to observe the proportion of different types of orthopedic injuries and fractures in accidents. Introduction Accidents are an important yet preventable, result in disabilities and deaths in developing countries like Pakistan. Victims of road traffic accidents (RTA) suffered different types of bone injuries including fractures and dislocations. These injuries not only cause major economic losses to nations but also inflicting huge personal burden on the injured and their families. Settings A retrospective study was conducted in Orthopedic Unit of tertiary Hospital, Lahore in 2006. 1675 patients with different injuries and fractures were studied. Materials and Methods Data was statistically analyzed by using SPSS 11.5. Continuous variables such as mean & standard deviation were calculated. A p-value, less than 0.05, was taken as the significant value. Results We found a large number of patients 1675 visited the accident and emergency (A&E) departments of hospital. 1648 (98.4%) patients experienced different kinds of fractures. Males 1333 (79.6%) were more affected than females 342 (20.4%) with average ages of 35. Most of patients 351 (21.0%) were hit by motorcycle. Out of these, leg injury 366 (21.9%) and femur bone fractures433 (25.9%) were common. Close fractures 1328 (79.8%), fresh fractures 1662 (99.2%), and right side involvement was highest. Only 14 (0.8%) patients experienced muscle and skin injuries. Conclusion Accidents particularly road traffic accidents (RTA) are predicted to be a leading cause of different patterns of bone fractures and injuries. It is concluded that the injuries have large share of burden in Pakistan.
Keywords: Accident and Emergency (A&E) Departments, Road traffic accidents (RTA), Disability, Global Burden, Awareness.
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