EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF
PHARMACEUTICAL AND MEDICAL RESEARCH

An International Peer Reviewed Journal for Pharmaceutical, Medical & Biological Sciences

An Official Publication of Society for Advance Healthcare Research (Reg. No. : 01/01/01/31674/16)

European Journal of Pharmaceutical and Medical Research (EJPMR) has indexed with various reputed international bodies like : Google Scholar , Indian Science Publications , InfoBase Index (In Process) , SOCOLAR, China , Research Bible, Fuchu, Tokyo. JAPAN , International Society for Research activity (ISRA) , Scientific Indexing Services (SIS) , Polish Scholarly Bibliography , Global Impact Factor (GIF) (Under Process) , Universal Impact Factor , International Scientific Indexing (ISI), UAE  , Index Copernicus , CAS (A Division of American Chemical Society) USA (Under Process) , Directory of Open Access Journal (DOAJ, Sweden, in process) , UDLedge Science Citation Index , CiteFactor , Directory Of Research Journal Indexing (DRJI) , Indian citation Index (ICI) , Journal Index (JI, Under Process) , Directory of abstract indexing for Journals (DAIJ) , Open Access Journals (Under Process) , Impact Factor Services For International Journals (IFSIJ) , Cosmos Impact Factor , Jour Informatics (Under Process) , Eurasian Scientific Journal Index (ESJI) , International Innovative Journal Impact Factor (IIJIF) , Science Library Index, Dubai, United Arab Emirates , Pubmed Database [NLM ID: 101669306] (Under Process) , IP Indexing (Under Process) , 

 ISSN 2394-3211

Impact Factor: 4.897

 ICV - 79.57

Abstract

RADIOLOGICAL INTERVENTIONS IN MALIGNANT BILIARY OBSTRUCTION

Bijoy Mathew and Hai-Bo Xu*

ABSTRACT

Disorders affecting the biliary system is one of the major diseases affecting the population worldwide. In United States of America more than 20% of people who are older than 65 years of age are having gallstones and every year more than 1.1 million cases are diagnosed. There are many causes that contribute to biliary obstruction of which major role is played by cholelithiasis alone. According to recent studies the mortality rates associated with cholangio carcinoma and cancers involving pancreatic head are known to have very less survival rate. Maximum of 5 years survival are expected in western countries. Malignant biliary obstruction etiology is contributed by a variety of diseases but are commonly caused by gall bladder carcinomas, cholangio carcinoma and even by metastatic nodes. Interventional radiology plays a major contribution in this scenario. Radiological interventions are comparatively less invasive, and use imaging modalities in the diagnosis and treatment of the concerned diseases. The type and nature of malignancy, as well as stage of disease may be considered as the primary factors that helps the surgeon /radiologists in arriving at a decision whether the patient should be treated before the excision of the mass lesion or not. Here we are going to discuss about the etiology, symptoms, laboratory findings, diagnosis, indications and contraindications, diagnostic imaging, treatment modalities of malignant biliary obstruction.

Keywords: Malignant biliary obstruction, stent, interventional radiology, bile, pancreas, liver, cholelithiasis, pancreatic carcinoma, cholangiocarcinoma, jaundice, diagnostic imaging.


[Full Text Article]

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Google Scholar Indian Science Publications InfoBase Index (In Process) SOCOLAR, China Research Bible, Fuchu, Tokyo. JAPAN International Society for Research activity (ISRA) Scientific Indexing Services (SIS) Polish Scholarly Bibliography Global Impact Factor (GIF) (Under Process) Universal Impact Factor International Scientific Indexing (ISI), UAE Index Copernicus CAS (A Division of American Chemical Society) USA (Under Process) Directory of Open Access Journal (DOAJ, Sweden, in process) UDLedge Science Citation Index CiteFactor Directory Of Research Journal Indexing (DRJI) Indian citation Index (ICI) Journal Index (JI, Under Process) Directory of abstract indexing for Journals (DAIJ) Open Access Journals (Under Process) Impact Factor Services For International Journals (IFSIJ) Cosmos Impact Factor Jour Informatics (Under Process) Eurasian Scientific Journal Index (ESJI) International Innovative Journal Impact Factor (IIJIF) Science Library Index, Dubai, United Arab Emirates Pubmed Database [NLM ID: 101669306] (Under Process) IP Indexing (Under Process)