EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF
PHARMACEUTICAL AND MEDICAL RESEARCH

An International Peer Reviewed Journal for Pharmaceutical, Medical & Biological Sciences

An Official Publication of Society for Advance Healthcare Research (Reg. No. : 01/01/01/31674/16)

European Journal of Pharmaceutical and Medical Research (EJPMR) has indexed with various reputed international bodies like : Google Scholar , Indian Science Publications , InfoBase Index (In Process) , SOCOLAR, China , Research Bible, Fuchu, Tokyo. JAPAN , International Society for Research activity (ISRA) , Scientific Indexing Services (SIS) , Polish Scholarly Bibliography , Global Impact Factor (GIF) (Under Process) , Universal Impact Factor , International Scientific Indexing (ISI), UAE  , Index Copernicus , CAS (A Division of American Chemical Society) USA (Under Process) , Directory of Open Access Journal (DOAJ, Sweden, in process) , UDLedge Science Citation Index , CiteFactor , Directory Of Research Journal Indexing (DRJI) , Indian citation Index (ICI) , Journal Index (JI, Under Process) , Directory of abstract indexing for Journals (DAIJ) , Open Access Journals (Under Process) , Impact Factor Services For International Journals (IFSIJ) , Cosmos Impact Factor , Jour Informatics (Under Process) , Eurasian Scientific Journal Index (ESJI) , International Innovative Journal Impact Factor (IIJIF) , Science Library Index, Dubai, United Arab Emirates , Pubmed Database [NLM ID: 101669306] (Under Process) , IP Indexing (Under Process) , 

 ISSN 2394-3211

Impact Factor: 4.897

 ICV - 79.57

Abstract

EFFICACY OF BOTOX-A IN TEMPOROMANDIBULAR DISORDERS REFRACTORY TO THE CONSERVATIVE MANAGEMENT

Mamit Kumar*, Sambhav Jain, Abhishek Kumar, Jyoti Memoalia and Amit Kumar

ABSTRACT

Aim: The aim of the study was to evaluate the efficacy of botulinum toxin type-A therapy (BTX-A: Allergan Inc, USA) in patients with temporomandibular joint disorders (Both intra-articular & extra-articular pathologies) refractory to the conservative management. Materials and method: This prospective, in vivo study was conducted among 11 subjects in the Department of Oral & Maxillofacial Surgery, Maulana Azaad Dental College & Hospital. A clinical proforma was designed along with Numeric Rating Scale (NRS) to record all the pre-operative & post-operative findings in the present study. All non-invasive surgical procedures were performed under aseptic condition by using 5% povidone-iodine solution for skin preparations. Statistical analysis was performed using IBM, SPSS Statistics version 22 (IBM Corp., New York, NY). Results: There was significant improvement in subjective facial pain, inter-incisal distance (mm), decrease in the pain scale and decrease in orofacial dysfunction of masticatory muscles at post 6 months intervention (p<0.05). Conclusion: The injections of BTX-A in masticatory musculatures of TMD patients can be considered as a valuable either first line or second line treatment option refractory to the conservative treatment for controlling complex TMD.

Keywords: Pain, dysfuntion, Botox, TMD.


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Google Scholar Indian Science Publications InfoBase Index (In Process) SOCOLAR, China Research Bible, Fuchu, Tokyo. JAPAN International Society for Research activity (ISRA) Scientific Indexing Services (SIS) Polish Scholarly Bibliography Global Impact Factor (GIF) (Under Process) Universal Impact Factor International Scientific Indexing (ISI), UAE Index Copernicus CAS (A Division of American Chemical Society) USA (Under Process) Directory of Open Access Journal (DOAJ, Sweden, in process) UDLedge Science Citation Index CiteFactor Directory Of Research Journal Indexing (DRJI) Indian citation Index (ICI) Journal Index (JI, Under Process) Directory of abstract indexing for Journals (DAIJ) Open Access Journals (Under Process) Impact Factor Services For International Journals (IFSIJ) Cosmos Impact Factor Jour Informatics (Under Process) Eurasian Scientific Journal Index (ESJI) International Innovative Journal Impact Factor (IIJIF) Science Library Index, Dubai, United Arab Emirates Pubmed Database [NLM ID: 101669306] (Under Process) IP Indexing (Under Process)