PATTERN OF DYSLIPIDAEMIA IN PATIENTS WITH TYPE 2 DIABETES MELLITUS IN FUJAIRAH, UNITED ARAB EMIRATES
Mouza Alsaadi*, Sundus Qassim, Farah Hamad and Zakia Metwali
A retrospective cross-sectional study was conducted based on the available biochemical data of patients who attended the endocrine clinic of Fujairah hospital, in Al Fujairah between June 2013 and June 2015. The aim of the study was to detect the pattern of lipid abnormalities in patients with type 2 diabetic mellitus (T2DM) and to observe the association between glycemic control and serum lipid profile. The majority (72%) of T2DM patients in the current study did not sustain a good glycemic control. Low level of high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C) was the most common pattern of dyslipidaemia observed in diabetic patients (55%) followed by elevated triglycerides (TG) level (29%). There was no significant difference between males and females in lipid levels except for HDL-C in which females had higher levels compared to males (P=0.050), indicating a certain degree of gender influence on lipid levels. TG showed significant negative correlation with the age while total cholesterol (TC) and low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C) demonstrated significant positive correlation with fasting blood sugar (FBS) and glycated hemoglobin (HbA1c). Consequently, identification and treatment of dyslipidaemia together with tight glycemic control should be maintained in order to minimize the cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk among T2DM patients.
Keywords: Dyslipidaemia, Type 2 Diabetic Mellitus, Lipid Profile, Glycemic Control.
[Full Text Article]